Subject coverage includes but is not limited to laser material interactions under conditions of interest in industrial processes as well as laser material process design, development or refinement. Examples of topics include radiation absorption, scattering and reflection, material optical properties and material interaction phenomena including phase changes and charge, mass and energy transport. Reports of research on novel physical effects or laser processes are welcomed. Materials covered include metals and alloys, semiconductors, oxides, amorphous materials, superconductors, biomaterials and polymers. Emphasis on practical applications is welcomed.
High Precision Materials Processing with Ultrafast Lasers
Subject coverage includes all interaction phenomena of ultrashort laser pulses with matter and innovative applications based on these mechanisms. On the interaction level nonlinear absorption, electronic and atomic behavior, thermal and thermomechanical processes, chemical and physical principles as well as aspects regarding plasma formation are covered by this topic. Also optical properties play an important role e.g. the modification of the refractive index by ultrashort laser pulses or the beam filamentation due to exceeding a specific breakdown intensity. From the applications point of view all areas ranging from single-pulse ablation and drilling via cutting, microjoining of glasses with high repetition rate lasers are of interest for publication in the journal.
Laser Additive Manufacturing
Laser additive manufacturing is one of the fastest growing macro applications of industrial lasers today. Subject coverage includes interaction between optical radiation and powder or wire deposition material with an emphasis on the aerospace, automotive, power generation and medical applications. Reports on both directly injected and pre-placed powder systems covering new alloys, powder and wire delivery technology, metallurgical, mechanical and corrosion properties of build structures are of interest. Also design for manufacture and path optimization studies. Reviews of additive laser applications from research to implementation are also welcome.
High Power Materials Processing with High Brightness Lasers
Subject coverage includes but is not limited to the physical basics and the technical processes of high power laser materials processing with high brightness lasers. Examples of topics regarding the physical basics include beam absorption, heat conduction, melt dynamics, vaporization and plasma formation, process control and process optimization. Examples for technical processes include laser cutting, welding, hardening, coating, ablation and cleaning with high brightness lasers.Materials covered include metals and alloys, nonmetals, compound materials and fiber composite materials. Emphasis on practical applications is welcome.
Emerging Applications of New Wavelengths and Temporal Pulse Shaping
Subject coverage includes experimental and theoretical studies related to surface science, technology and engineering based on the interaction with lasers. Major topics include but not limited to laser cladding, laser alloying, laser synthesizing, laser sintering, laser shock peening, laser cleaning, laser texturing, surface micro/nano structures, interface science and novel material development. Novel modification approaches, microstructure evolution, new phase identification, modification mechanism analyses, improved surface property recognition and application demonstration are of interest. Review papers are especially welcome.
Lasers in Nanomanufacturing/Nanophotonics & Thin Film Technology
Subject coverage includes utilization of optical and photonic properties of light in nanomaterial growth, processing and characterization. Some examples of topics include photochemical, near field, optical trapping, thermal, optical coupling, absorption and non-linear effects in both nanomaterial growth and characterization. Materials covered includes but not limited to amorphous, semiconductors, metals and alloys, insulators and polymers in nanoscale. Reports on optimization and invention of materials, growth methods, characterization techniques and application are of interest.Emphasis on device fabrications and applications are strongly welcomed.
This subject includes sensing and measurement related to laser materials processes. This includes characterization of materials prior to laser processing (e.g. in-situ identification, measurement and location of features, measurement of material composition, etc.) in-process sensing (e.g. measurement of optical, acoustic or other process emissions, identification, measurement and location of laser processed features, etc.) and in-situ post-process characterization of laser processing results (e.g. identification, measurement and location of laser processed features, material composition, etc.). Descriptions of the use of such sensor measurements to implement feedback or feedforward controls on the laser materials process are welcomed. Research related to laser beam or focus spot characterization systems or techniques with application to laser materials processes are of interest.
Medical Applications & Safety
Subject coverage includes interactions between optical radiation and biological tissues, with an emphasis on both medical and surgical applications as well as potentially adverse health effects in humans and living organisms. Some examples of topics include biophysical studies of tissue optics, scatter, absorption and non-linear effects in tissue, optical dosimetry, thermal, thermomechanical, photochemical and non-linear effects. Reports on optimizing, photodiagnostics, photochemotheraphy, photoablation, photocoagulation or photodisruption, and descriptions of new biomedical laser delivery systems are of interest. Reviews of clinical laser applications aimed at the non-clinicians are also welcome. Subject coverage also includes all applied aspects of laser safety and safety standards. Including topics such as: setting maximum permissible exposure (MPE) limits, new safety standards and regulations, laser classification, hazard evaluation and risk analysis, control measures for both laser radiation and ancillary hazards, laser accident investigations, safety training, eye and skin protection and laser protective materials.