Product Code: PIC06_1002
Study of the Interplay of Vaporisation, Melt Displacement and Melt Ejection Mechanisms Under Single and Multiple Pulse Irradiation
J.M. Fishburn, Centre for Lasers and Applications, Macquarie University; Sydney Australia
Michael Withford, Centre for Lasers and Applications; Sydney Australia
D.W. Coutts, Centre for Lasers and Applications, Macquarie University; Sydney Australia
J.A. Piper, Centre for Lasers and Applications, Macquarie University; Sydney Australia
Presented at PICALO 2006
We have used a combination of profilometry, high speed imaging and recoil measurements using a ballistic pendulum to calculate the amount of material removed due to mechanisms of vaporisation, melt displacement and melt ejection when ablating aluminium with a visible nanosecond laser. Single laser pulses are shown to induce material removal predominantly by the mechanism of melt displacement at fluences <1.5 J.cm-2, melt displacement and vapourisation at fluences between 1.5 and 7 J.cm-2, and melt ejection with smaller contributions due to melt displacement and vaporisation at fluences >7 J.cm-2. Studies of the effects of multiple laser pulses on target demonstrate the additional influence of cumulative heating and the geometric constraints of the ablation crater on material removal. The implications of this study on high resolution laser micromachining will be discussed.
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