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Product Code: JLA_14_1_17


Authors:
L. M. Lobo
K. Williams
Optical Engineering Group, Wolfson School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire LE11 3TU, United Kingdom

E. P. Johnson
Laser Group, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Liverpool University, Liverpool, Merseyside L69 3BX, United Kingdom

J. T. Spencer
BNFL, Rutherford House, Risley, Warrington, Cheshire WA3 6AS, United Kingdom


This article examines the particles formed during optimized laser scabbling of concrete in order to help determine an effective filtration strategy for the process. The laser scabbling technique has been developed for noncontact removal of radioactive contaminated surface concrete layers. Surface layer removal is effected using a high power carbon dioxide laser beam to generate stresses in the substrate (caused by temperature gradients and dehydration) which break up the surface. The material removed will be contaminated with radionuclides and its efficient collection must be ensured to prevent the escape of radioactive contaminated particles. The filtration methods selected depend on the size of the particles produced and transport characteristics in an airflow. The particles removed were examined using a laser diffraction particle sizer (for particles below 80 μm physical diameter) and sieving (above 150 μm physical diameter) to determine the particle size distribution. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) analysis was used to identify the components present. The study found that particles removed were constituents of the parent concrete, there were no signs of melting and a small volume fraction (less than 1%) of sub-100 μm physical particle diameter. Particles with aerodynamic diameters under 100 μm are airborne and those between 1 and 30 μm are inhaled into the thoracic and bronchial tracts and lungs. Efficient filtration is required to capture these particles. However, filtration is difficult in the 0.1–1 μm aerodynamic diameter range, which comprises only 0.02% by volume of the removed material. It is considered that laser scabbling of concrete using this method will produce no additional risks than the use of other surface removal mechanisms. © 2002 Laser Institute of America.

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