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Product Code: ICA12_P161

A Thermal Investigation on Conductive Silver Ink Tracks Cured on Flexible Substrates by Repeating Irradiations of Nd:Yag Laser at the Wavelength of 532 nm
Authors:
Liwei Fu, School of Engineering, Univ. of Liverpool; Liverpool Great Britain
Shuo Shang, School of Engineering, Univ. of Liverpool; -
Eamonn Fearon, School of Engineering, Univ. of Liverpool; Liverpool Great Britain
Walter Perrie, School of Engineering, Univ. of Liverpool; Liverpool Great Britain
Stuart Edwardson, School of Engineering, Univ. of Liverpool; Liverpool Great Britain
Geoff Dearden, School of Engineering, Univ. of Liverpool; Liverpool Great Britain
Ken Watkins, School of Engineering, Univ. of Liverpool; Liverpool Great Britain
Presented at ICALEO 2012

The development of the plastic electronics industry has drawn great interest and inspired technology innovations in a broad area. This has stimulated the rapid development of flexible circuitry manufacturing technologies, including advances in conductive inks, printing technology and most importantly the novel curing technology - laser based curing (or Laser Direct Write). This has the ability to replace the conventional environmentally damaging and time consuming chemical etching method in current Printed Circuit Board (PCB) manufacturing.

This work presented in this paper is an investigation into the Nd:YAG laser curing process at the wavelength of 532 nm of particulate silver inks. A mathematical approximation of key physical properties has been developed based on the presented experimental research for use in a finite element model (FEM) simulation. 532 nm has shown benefits in protecting the flexible substrate used from thermal damage, owing to the high transparency of the wavelength through the substrate material. In this paper, liquid-phase particulate silver ink tracks deposited on flexible substrates were irradiated by laser along the track geometry. Repetition of the laser beam scanning was found to produce a smooth and fully cured sample and further reduced the tracks electrical resistivity.

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