Product Code: ICA12_1804
Laser Cleaning of Graffiti from Building Stone Using High Power Diode Laser
J. Penide, Dpto. Física Aplicada, Univ. de Vigo; Vigo Spain
Felix Quintero, Dpto. Física Aplicada, Univ. de Vigo; Vigo Spain
Antonio Riveiro, Centro Univ. de la Defensa, Escuela Naval Militar; Marin Spain
Amadeo Sánchez-Castillo, Facultad de Ingeniería Mecánica, Univ. Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo; Morelia Mexico
Rafael Comesaña, Dpto. Física Aplicada, Univ. de Vigo; Vigo Spain
Jesus del Val, Dpto. Física Aplicada, Univ. de Vigo; Vigo Spain
Fernando Lusquiños, Dpto. Física Aplicada, Univ. de Vigo; Vigo Spain
Juan Pou, Dpto. Física Aplicada, Univ. de Vigo; Vigo Spain
Presented at ICALEO 2012
Regrettably, graffiti are a frequent aggression to historic buildings. Particularly, Morelia´s historic centre (Mexico) (appointed World Heritage Site by UNESCO) suffers, for some years, a high number of graffiti. A local igneous rock called Pink Morelia Quarry is the building stone in most of this architectural heritage. The cleaning methods conventionally employed to remove these graffiti lead to serious damaging to the appearance of these monuments. In this paper, we present the results of a study on the feasibility to remove the graffiti from this natural stone using a high power diode laser treatment. An extensive experimental analysis of the operating conditions has been carried out leading to successful results. The optimal parameters to achieve a total removal of graffiti without side effects in the stone have been determined. We concluded that continuous wave regime leads to better results than modulated wave regime. Finally, a two laser passes process demonstrated a high performance improvement with regard to any combination of parameters in the single pass process.
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