C. R. Hsu
C. E. Albright
Laser welded die blanks are finding increased usage in many industrial applications. This investigation was undertaken to establish a simplified means of calculating thermal cycles experienced in the fusion and heat affected zones on laser welds typically used in die blank welding. A planar solution domain perpendicular to the direction of travel was selected to simplify the finite element calculations. The resulting calculation technique provided reasonably accurate prediction of the thermal cycles measured by Moon and Metzbower, and the size of fusion zones and heat affected zones o...
JLA Vol:14 Iss:1 (Physical–computational model to describe the interaction between a laser beam and a powder jet in laser surface processing)
O. O. Diniz Neto
Departamento de Engenharia de Materiais, Instituto Superior Te´cnico, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal
Frequently laser surface treatments use a powder jet in conjunction with the laser beam. In this study we present a physical–computational model to describe the interaction between a laser beam and a powder jet. The model can be used to calculate the spatial distribution of particle temperature and laser beam attenuation at any moment and all over the region where the laser and particle beams interact. In calculating particle temperature, the attenuation of the laser beam by the particles themselves is taken into acc...
JLA Vol:1 Iss:3 (CO<sub>2</sub> Laser Engraving System for Relief Plate to Print Corrugated Cardboard)
NEC Corporation, Laser Equipment Div., 1120, Shimokuzawa, Sagamihara, JAPAN
A very compact and economical CO2 laser engraving system to make relief plates for the purpose of printing corrugated cardboard has been developed. This system consists of a highly stable 500W CO2 laser and a high speed, easy handling image processing sub‐system. In this paper several new developments are described. This image processing technique for CO2 laser raster scanning and engraving has been newly developed. Every binary image is converted to the relief plate more easier than other reported engraving systems.
JLA Vol:18 Iss:2 (Fabrication of titanium microchannels using laser-assisted thermochemical wet etching)
S. W. Son
M. K. Lee
K. H. Oh
S. H. Jeong
Department of Mechatronics, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, 1 Oryongdong Bukgu, Gwangju, 500-712 Republic of Korea
A fabrication method of titanium microchannels of an aspect ratio up to 16 and channel width of 10–30 μm is developed using laser-assisted thermochemical wet etching. For the fabrication of deep channel, the workpiece was repeatedly etched over the same path with the control of process parameters. The cross-sectional profile of the microchannel varied between a V shape and a U shape, depending largely upon the laser beam power and etchant concentration. Bubb...
JLA Vol:22 Iss:4 (Erratum: “Weld strength improvement for Al alloy by using laser weaving method” [J. Laser Appl. 22(3), 116 (2010)])
Advanced Welding & Joining Technology Research Team, Korea Institute of Industrial Technology, 7-47 Songdo-Dong, Yeonsu-Gu, Incheon 406-840, Korea
Frank W. Kuepper
Fraunhofer Resource Center for Laser Technology, Ann Arbor, MI, U.S.A.
Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan
The object of this study is to investigate the solidification problem in laser cladding with the wire feeding technique. The solidification phenomenon of laser cladding was analyzed by numerical simulation and experimental visualization. Good agreement has been obtained for 304 stainless steel wires cladding on round tubes and it transpires that there were three basic modes of clad profiles: thinning, thickening, and wavering of the clad thickness at different velocity settings between the feeding wire and the substrate in laser wire cladding. ©...
Departamento de Fi´sica Aplicada, Universidade de Vigo, ETS Ingenieros Industriales, Vigo, 36310, Spain
Since the beginning of the aeronautic industry, aluminum alloys have played a crucial role in its development. Nowadays, different aluminum alloy families are the base material of many pieces of aerospace vehicles. In this work, a novel approach to process aluminum alloys is explored. The authors efforts are aimed to cut 2024-T3 plates by a CO2 laser. They used a novel laser cutting head assisted by a gas jet working in supersonic regim...
B. V. Anikeev
D. V. Sin'ko
Department of Laser Physics, Volgograd State University, 2‐aya Prodolnay 30, Volgograd 400 062, Russia
A new spectroscopic technique to gain information on the nonlinear constants of optical materials is presented. This technique is made possible due to the point that the application of an external controlled negative feedback (CNF) circuit to an intracavity nonlinear cell results in the generation of extended boundaries of the stability for the laser beam. This effect is analyzed using a semiclassical set of equations that govern laser oscillation. Measurements are made on systems containing either an instantaneous CNF circuit o...
JLA Vol:4 Iss:1 (Combustion‐Assisted Laser Cutting of a Difficult‐to‐Machine Superalloy)
P. A. Molian
In laser cutting, the largest single application of lasers in manufacturing, the assist gas plays an important role in affecting the cutting performance. The assist gas is usually oxygen or an inert gas. In this work a mixture of acetylene and oxygen was employed to create combustion reactions during CO2 laser cutting that enabled an improvement in the cutting speed, and cut quality of a difficult‐to‐machine superalloy. A comparison with laser cutting of a plain carbon steel under identical conditions was also made to determine the usefulness of combustion energy. Results indicate that both cutting speed and qual...
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