JLA Vol:18 Iss:2 (Fabrication of titanium microchannels using laser-assisted thermochemical wet etching)
S. W. Son
M. K. Lee
K. H. Oh
S. H. Jeong
Department of Mechatronics, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, 1 Oryongdong Bukgu, Gwangju, 500-712 Republic of Korea
A fabrication method of titanium microchannels of an aspect ratio up to 16 and channel width of 10–30 μm is developed using laser-assisted thermochemical wet etching. For the fabrication of deep channel, the workpiece was repeatedly etched over the same path with the control of process parameters. The cross-sectional profile of the microchannel varied between a V shape and a U shape, depending largely upon the laser beam power and etchant concentration. Bubb...
JLA Vol:22 Iss:4 (Erratum: “Weld strength improvement for Al alloy by using laser weaving method” [J. Laser Appl. 22(3), 116 (2010)])
Advanced Welding & Joining Technology Research Team, Korea Institute of Industrial Technology, 7-47 Songdo-Dong, Yeonsu-Gu, Incheon 406-840, Korea
Frank W. Kuepper
Fraunhofer Resource Center for Laser Technology, Ann Arbor, MI, U.S.A.
Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan
The object of this study is to investigate the solidification problem in laser cladding with the wire feeding technique. The solidification phenomenon of laser cladding was analyzed by numerical simulation and experimental visualization. Good agreement has been obtained for 304 stainless steel wires cladding on round tubes and it transpires that there were three basic modes of clad profiles: thinning, thickening, and wavering of the clad thickness at different velocity settings between the feeding wire and the substrate in laser wire cladding. ©...
Departamento de Fi´sica Aplicada, Universidade de Vigo, ETS Ingenieros Industriales, Vigo, 36310, Spain
Since the beginning of the aeronautic industry, aluminum alloys have played a crucial role in its development. Nowadays, different aluminum alloy families are the base material of many pieces of aerospace vehicles. In this work, a novel approach to process aluminum alloys is explored. The authors efforts are aimed to cut 2024-T3 plates by a CO2 laser. They used a novel laser cutting head assisted by a gas jet working in supersonic regim...
M. T. Wang
Inner Mongolia University, Hohhot 010021, China
A novel localization scheme called laser beam scan localization by combining grid and light (laser) with mobile localization policy for wireless sensor networks is designed. The scheme utilizes a moving location assistant (LA) with a laser beam, through which the deployed area is scanned. The LA sends identities to unknown nodes to obtain the locations of sensor nodes. High localization accuracy can be achieved without the aid of expensive hardware on the sensor nodes, as required by other localization systems...
B. V. Anikeev
D. V. Sin'ko
Department of Laser Physics, Volgograd State University, 2‐aya Prodolnay 30, Volgograd 400 062, Russia
A new spectroscopic technique to gain information on the nonlinear constants of optical materials is presented. This technique is made possible due to the point that the application of an external controlled negative feedback (CNF) circuit to an intracavity nonlinear cell results in the generation of extended boundaries of the stability for the laser beam. This effect is analyzed using a semiclassical set of equations that govern laser oscillation. Measurements are made on systems containing either an instantaneous CNF circuit o...
JLA Vol:4 Iss:1 (Combustion‐Assisted Laser Cutting of a Difficult‐to‐Machine Superalloy)
P. A. Molian
In laser cutting, the largest single application of lasers in manufacturing, the assist gas plays an important role in affecting the cutting performance. The assist gas is usually oxygen or an inert gas. In this work a mixture of acetylene and oxygen was employed to create combustion reactions during CO2 laser cutting that enabled an improvement in the cutting speed, and cut quality of a difficult‐to‐machine superalloy. A comparison with laser cutting of a plain carbon steel under identical conditions was also made to determine the usefulness of combustion energy. Results indicate that both cutting speed and qual...
David H. Sliney
U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine, Aberdeen Proving Grounds, Maryland 21010
David J. Lund
U.S. Army Medical Research Detachment, Brooks Air Force Base, Texas 78235
Wesley J. Marshall
U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Prevention Medicine, Aberdeen Proving Grounds, Maryland 21010
The spectral band between 400 and 700 nm is termed “visible” in laser safety standards, this is not the full extent of the visible spectrum. Light, or visible radiation, is that which is perceived by the human eye, and the spectral bandwidth for vision is really larger, extending into what some r...
JLA Vol:19 Iss:1 (Three-dimensional numerical approach for geometrical prediction of multilayer laser solid freeform fabrication process)
Jan P. Huissoon
Department of Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1, Canada
This article presents the development of a three-dimensional numerical method for predicting transient geometrical and thermal characteristics of multilayer laser solid freeform fabrication as a function of process parameters and material properties. In the proposed method, the thermal domain is numerically obtained, assuming the interaction between the laser beam and powder stream is to be decoupled. Once the melt pool boundary is obtained, the physical domain is discretized in a cross-se...
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