JLA Vol:7 Iss:2 (A study of polarization‐maintaining fiber characteristics with applications to force and displacement sensing)
P. V. P. Yupapin
K. T. V. Grattan
A. W. Palmer
An experimental investigation of three different types of highly birefringent fiber sensor element configured as a force and a displacement sensor is described. From the coupling of power between the two eigenmodes, the magnitude of the force and the position of the coupling point can then be determined using ‘white‐light interferometric’ techniques.
Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica Via La Masa 1, I-20156 Milan, Italy
This paper studies the effect of different typologies of surface treatment by diode laser on the local formability of dual phase steel. An analytical thermal model allowed the temperature and cooling rate curves to be predicted and used to select the process parameter conditions. Microhardness measurements, microstructure observations, mechanical tensile test, and Erichsen cup test allowed the positive effect of the heat treatment on dual phase steel formability to be quantified.
A. S. Salminen
V. P. Kujanpa¨a¨
Lappeenranta University of Technology, Laser Processing Centre, Tuotantokatur 2, FIN 53850 Lappeenranta, Finland
The utilization of the laser welding process with filler wire addition is often considered a complicated and difficult process which has too high accuracy demands for a work shop floor. This study shows the effect of some of the most important welding variables to the quality and efficiency of laser welding when welding with filler wire. The material used was a common structural steel St52/37 of 6 mm in thickness. The joint type used was a butt joint. Acceptable weld quality was achieved with most of the tested p...
JLA Vol:9 Iss:5 (Experimental development of a machining database for the CO<sub>2</sub> laser cutting of ceramic tile)
S. A. J. Livingstone
K. L. Chua
Department of Mechanical and Chemical Engineering, Heriot‐Watt University, Riccarton, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, U.K.
This paper covers the cutting of commercially‐available ceramic tiles using a CO2 laser cutting machine, with the object of producing a laser beam machining database which contains the essential parameter information for their successful processing. Various laser cutting parameters were investigated that would generate a cut in ceramic tile which required minimal posttreatment. The effects of various shield gases, multipass cutting and underwater cutting were also examined.
JLA Vol:19 Iss:1 (Combining high-speed laser perforation and cold roll forming for the production of biomedical microfiltration membranes)
Laser Center University of Applied Sciences Muenster (LFM), Stegerwaldstrasse 39, 48565 Steinfurt, Germany
A. P. Hoult
SPI, 3 Wellington Park, Tollbar Way Hedge End, Southampton SO30 2QU, United Kingdom
A novel high speed two-step technique capable of performing large matrices of very small pores with micron dimensions in large sheets of thin stainless steel foils has been developed. This process combination is initiated by high-speed “on-the-fly” laser perforation. A 100 W fiber laser is capable of a very high drilling rate making it an attractive option for the creation of large drilling matrices ...
Mary H. McCay
T. Dwayne McCay
Narendra B. Dahotre
C. Michael Sharp
Center for Laser Applications, University of Tennessee Space Institute, Tullahoma, Tennessee 37388
Metal matrix composites continue to be desirable structural materials but difficulties in joining limit their usefulness. This paper describes the results of a study on the laser welding of A356‐AI/SiC particulate composites. Three separate processing regimes are identified based upon analytical model predictions and metallographic analysis of the solidification structures.
GREMI-UMR 7344, CNRS/Universite´ d'Orle´ans, 14 rue d'Issoudun, BP 6744, F-45067 Orle´ans cedex 2, France and STMicroelectronics, 10 rue de Thalès de Milet, CS 97155, 37071 Tours Cedex 2, France
STMicroelectronics, 16 rue Pierre et Marie Curie, BP 7155, F-37071 Tours Cedex2, France
GREMI-UMR 7344, CNRS/Universite´ d'Orle´ans, 14 rue d'Issoudun, BP 6744, F-45067 Orle´ans cedex 2, France
This paper investigates laser dicing of glass (commercial Borofloat
JLA Vol:24 Iss:1 (Silicon(IV) phthalocyanine-loaded-nanoparticles for application in photodynamic process)
Andreza Ribeiro Simioni
Fernando L. Primo
Antonio Claudio Tedesco
The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential application of biodegradable nanoparticles containing a photosensitizer in photodynamic therapy. The poly (D,L lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles were studied by steady-state techniques, time-resolved fluorescence, and laser flash photolysis. The external morphology of the nanoparticles was established by scanning electron microscopy, and the biological activity was evaluated by in vitro cell culture by 3-(4,5 dimethyl-thiazol-2,5 biphenyl) tetrazolium bromide assay. The particles were spherical in shape exhibiting ...
JLA Vol:17 Iss:3 (Experimental study of CO<sub>2</sub> laser welding inside a groove— Application to high thickness laser welding)
GIP GERAILP/LALP (CNRS) 16 bis, Av. Prieur de la Coˆte d’Or 94114 Arcueil, France
Laser welding inside a groove has to be considered when a high thickness material is welded. The use of a groove shape allows the access of the laser beam to the lower part of the groove. The choice of the groove geometry (groove width, depth, or aperture angle), as well as the assist gas setup (leading, trailing or backside protection) are then significant operating parameters for the process control. In this study, U- and V-shaped groove welding with a CO2 laser was investigated. The U-shaped ...
B. A. Tozer
Lasermet Ltd and City University, London, U.K.
This paper reviews the present state of the standards‐making process in Europe, explaining such arcane terms as ‘CEN’, ‘CENELEC’, ‘Euronorm’ and ‘directive’. Standards‐making bodies in Europe work to strict guidelines with regard to their relationship to member countries of the EEC and EFTA, and work closely with the international standards bodies, IEC and ISO, to minimize duplication of effort and to ensure minimum conflict with international standards. The current situation with regard to laser safety standards in Europe is reviewed, and the author specul...
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