JLA Vol:9 Iss:5 (Experimental development of a machining database for the CO<sub>2</sub> laser cutting of ceramic tile)
S. A. J. Livingstone
K. L. Chua
Department of Mechanical and Chemical Engineering, Heriot‐Watt University, Riccarton, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, U.K.
This paper covers the cutting of commercially‐available ceramic tiles using a CO2 laser cutting machine, with the object of producing a laser beam machining database which contains the essential parameter information for their successful processing. Various laser cutting parameters were investigated that would generate a cut in ceramic tile which required minimal posttreatment. The effects of various shield gases, multipass cutting and underwater cutting were also examined.
Mary H. McCay
T. Dwayne McCay
Narendra B. Dahotre
C. Michael Sharp
Center for Laser Applications, University of Tennessee Space Institute, Tullahoma, Tennessee 37388
Metal matrix composites continue to be desirable structural materials but difficulties in joining limit their usefulness. This paper describes the results of a study on the laser welding of A356‐AI/SiC particulate composites. Three separate processing regimes are identified based upon analytical model predictions and metallographic analysis of the solidification structures.
JLA Vol:15 Iss:4 (Design and performance of multilevel phase fan-out diffractive optical elements for laser materials processing)
Itami R&D Laboratories, Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd., 1-1-3 Shimaya, Konohana-ku, Osaka 554-0024, Japan
A multilevel phase fan-out diffractive optical element (DOE) has been developed and introduced into various kinds of laser materials processing such as drilling, cutting, welding, and soldering. The larger the number of arrayed spots the DOE generates on the surface of the workpiece, the more sensitive the intensity uniformity of the spots becomes to fabrication errors, which are deviations between designed and fabric...
Dipartimento di Meccanica, Politecnico di Milano, Via Bonardi 9, 20133 Milano, Italy
The present paper is a contribution to the definition of optimal laser hardening conditions with production rate as the main goal. When the part to be treated is given, the optimization problem can be expressed in terms of minimal execution time subjected to two constraints: the depth of treatment and hardness of transformed layer. When the analytical expression of the objective function and the constraints was determined, the feasibility area was described and analyzed. Finally, an optimization algorithm was applied to identify the optimal solut...
JLA Vol:24 Iss:1 (Silicon(IV) phthalocyanine-loaded-nanoparticles for application in photodynamic process)
Andreza Ribeiro Simioni
Fernando L. Primo
Antonio Claudio Tedesco
The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential application of biodegradable nanoparticles containing a photosensitizer in photodynamic therapy. The poly (D,L lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles were studied by steady-state techniques, time-resolved fluorescence, and laser flash photolysis. The external morphology of the nanoparticles was established by scanning electron microscopy, and the biological activity was evaluated by in vitro cell culture by 3-(4,5 dimethyl-thiazol-2,5 biphenyl) tetrazolium bromide assay. The particles were spherical in shape exhibiting ...
GREMI-UMR 7344, CNRS/Universite´ d'Orle´ans, 14 rue d'Issoudun, BP 6744, F-45067 Orle´ans cedex 2, France and STMicroelectronics, 10 rue de Thalès de Milet, CS 97155, 37071 Tours Cedex 2, France
STMicroelectronics, 16 rue Pierre et Marie Curie, BP 7155, F-37071 Tours Cedex2, France
GREMI-UMR 7344, CNRS/Universite´ d'Orle´ans, 14 rue d'Issoudun, BP 6744, F-45067 Orle´ans cedex 2, France
This paper investigates laser dicing of glass (commercial Borofloat
B. A. Tozer
Lasermet Ltd and City University, London, U.K.
This paper reviews the present state of the standards‐making process in Europe, explaining such arcane terms as ‘CEN’, ‘CENELEC’, ‘Euronorm’ and ‘directive’. Standards‐making bodies in Europe work to strict guidelines with regard to their relationship to member countries of the EEC and EFTA, and work closely with the international standards bodies, IEC and ISO, to minimize duplication of effort and to ensure minimum conflict with international standards. The current situation with regard to laser safety standards in Europe is reviewed, and the author specul...
Departamento Fı´sica Aplicada Universidade de Vigo, Lagoas Marcosende 9, E-36200 VIGO, Spain
Laser Engineering Group, Department of Engineering, The University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 3GH, United Kingdom
Slate is a natural stone which has the characteristic that shows a well-developed defoliation plane, allowing to easily split it in plates parallel to that plane which are particularly used as tiles for roof building. At present, the manufacturing of slate is mostly manual, bein...
JLA Vol:18 Iss:2 (Investigation of the effects of nonconventional beam geometries in laser surface treatment of ceramics: Theoretical analysis)
Laser Processing Research Centre, School of Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering, The University of Manchester, Manchester M60 1QD, United Kingdom and Corrosion and Protection Centre, School of Materials, The University of Manchester, Manchester M60 IQD, United Kingdom
Laser Processing Research Center, School of Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering, The University of Manchester, Manchester M60 1QD, United Kingdom
F. H. Stott
Corrosion and Protection Centre, School of Materials, The University of Manchester, Manchester M60 1QD, United Kingdom
Laser surface treatment of ceramics by melting and re...
John M. Kokosa
GMI Engineering & Management Institute, Flint, Michigan 48504 U.S.A.
Beckman Laser Institute, Irvine, California 92715 U.S.A.
Lasers are assuming an increasingly important role in surgical procedures. However, several studies have shown that the smoke produced by laser‐tissue interaction is an airway irritant. Preliminary studies in our laboratories have shown that potentially hazardous chemicals, including benzene, formaldehyde and acrolein are present in the smoke plume resulting from CO2 and Nd:YAG laser interaction with animal tissue, even at low power densities. Since these chemicals are classified a...
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