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  • JLA Vol:19 Iss:2 (Welding of titanium and other refractory metals with a free pulse shaping laser)


    Authors:
    Karsten Richter
    Lasag AG, Switzerland

    Uwe Reisgen
    Wilfried Behr
    Forschungszentrum Ju¨lich GmbH, Germany

    Ronald Holtz
    Lasag AG, Switzerland


    Refractory metals are used as construction materials for specific applications. Amongst the refractory metals, titanium has a special status due to its multi-faceted property profile and its comparatively low price. Titanium materials have outstanding properties, such as excellent resistance to corrosion and very high strength at low densities, which lead to their preferred use in chemical engineering and as a structural material in lightweight construction. Due to the high affin...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:3 Iss:3 (Safety of Medical Excimer Lasers with an Emphasis on Compressed Gases)


    Authors:
    David H. Sliney
    Laser Microwave Division, US Army Environmental Hygiene Agency, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21010‐5422

    Terrance N. Clapham
    VISX, Inc., 919 Kifer Road, Santa Clara, CA 94086


    Excimer lasers which emit short ultraviolet radiation (UVR) are currently being used in experimental and developmental surgical applications. Although UVR exposure is possible, it is not normal in laser angioplasty (cardiovascular surgery) and is insignificant in photokera‐toplasty (ophthalmic surgery). However, significant potential hazards exist with the use of excimer laser gases such as fluorine and HCI. Stringent safeguards for handling and use are ...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:25 Iss:5 (Heat transfer and fluid flow in additive manufacturing)


    Authors:
    A. Raghavan
    H. L. Wei
    T. A. Palmer
    T. DebRoy
    Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802


    In laser-based direct energy deposition additive manufacturing, process control can be achieved through a closed loop control system in which thermal sensing of the melt pool surface is used to adjust laser processing parameters to maintain a constant surface geometry. Although this process control technique takes advantage of important in-process information, the conclusions drawn about the final solidification structure and mechanical properties of the deposited material are li...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:15 Iss:4 (Welding of thick austenitic stainless steel using Nd:yttrium–aluminum–garnet laser with filler wire and hybrid process)


    Authors:
    Tommi Jokinen
    Miikka Karhu
    VTT Industrial Systems, P.O. Box 17021, FIN 53851 Lappeenranta, Finland

    Veli Kujanpa¨a¨
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, P.O. Box 20, FIN 53851 Lappeenranta, Finland


    Autogenous laser welding has shown many advantages over traditional welding methods in numerous applications. However, there could be even more applications, but due to the power levels of present high power lasers, depth of penetration is limited. One way to overcome this limitation is to use multipass laser welding, in which a narrow gap and a filler wire are applied. By this process thick sections can be welded with a smaller heat inpu...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:8 Iss:3 (Laser Hardened Materials Evaluation Laboratory (LHMEL))


    Authors:
    R. J. Hull
    M. L. Lander



    Since 1976, the Laser Hardened Materials Evaluation Laboratory (LHMEL) has been characterizing material responses to laser energy in support of national defense programs and the aerospace industry. Now that capability is available to commercial industry as well. LHMEL's power levels, beam uniformity, and diagnostics capabilities make it an ideal facility for proof‐of‐concept testing or process development. Located at Wright‐Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, LHMEL is managed by the Wright Laboratory Materials Directorate and operated by Lawrence Associates, Incorporated. The facility's advanced hardware is centered aroun...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:19 Iss:4 (Experimental observation of keyhole shapes in the laser welding of aluminum blanks)


    Authors:
    B. J. Aalderink
    Netherlands Institute for Metals Research, P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands

    R. G. K. M. Aarts
    University of Twente, Laboratory of Mechanical Automation, P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands

    D. F. de Lange
    Netherlands Institute for Metals Research, P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands

    J. Meijer
    University of Twente, Laboratory of Mechanical Automation, P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands


    A camera-based in situ monitoring system for the Nd:yttrium–aluminum–garnet laser keyhole welding process of aluminium has been developed. The...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:2 Iss:2 (Binary Phase Gratings for Materials Processing)


    Authors:
    Paul J. Patt
    Array


    The feasibility of using a diffractive optical element, a phase grating, as a beam handling device for use in industrial laser material processing is examined. The binary phase grating is an efficient beam splitting device and is useful in many materials processing operations (welding, cutting, soldering, drilling) where a high degree of parallelism could significantly improve process throughput. Overall efficiency of etched quartz binary gratings agrees well with published predictions (nominal 70–90%). Copies of the grating formed in PMMA (acrylic) survived preliminary life tests (more than 1000 9‐J pulses from a commercial multimode N...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:1 Iss:3 (CO<sub>2</sub> Laser Engraving System for Relief Plate to Print Corrugated Cardboard)


    Authors:
    K. Wakabayashi
    N. Sugishima
    NEC Corporation, Laser Equipment Div., 1120, Shimokuzawa, Sagamihara, JAPAN


    A very compact and economical CO2 laser engraving system to make relief plates for the purpose of printing corrugated cardboard has been developed. This system consists of a highly stable 500W CO2 laser and a high speed, easy handling image processing sub&hyphen;system. In this paper several new developments are described. This image processing technique for CO2 laser raster scanning and engraving has been newly developed. Every binary image is converted to the relief plate more easier than other reported engraving systems.

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:14 Iss:1 (Physical&ndash;computational model to describe the interaction between a laser beam and a powder jet in laser surface processing)


    Authors:
    O. O. Diniz Neto
    Array

    R. Vilar
    Departamento de Engenharia de Materiais, Instituto Superior Te´cnico, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal


    Frequently laser surface treatments use a powder jet in conjunction with the laser beam. In this study we present a physical–computational model to describe the interaction between a laser beam and a powder jet. The model can be used to calculate the spatial distribution of particle temperature and laser beam attenuation at any moment and all over the region where the laser and particle beams interact. In calculating particle temperature, the attenuation of the laser beam by the particles themselves is taken into acc...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:24 Iss:4 (Laser-assisted nanofabrication of carbon nanostructures)


    Authors:
    Yun Shen Zhou
    Wei Xiong
    Jongbok Park
    Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588-0511, USA

    Min Qian
    Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, 68588-0511, USA and Department of Physics, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, People’s Republic of China

    Masoud Mahjouri-Samani
    Yang Gao
    Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588-0511, USA

    Lan Jiang
    Department of Mechanical and Automation Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Bei...

    $25.00

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