• JLA Vol:17 Iss:4 (Developments towards controlled three-dimensional laser forming of continuous surfaces)


    Authors:
    S. P. Edwardson
    E. Abed
    P. French
    G. Dearden
    K. G. Watkins
    Laser Group, Department of Engineering, The University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 3GH, United Kingdom

    R. McBride
    D. P. Hand
    J. D. C. Jones
    A. J. Moore
    School of Engineering and Physical Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, United Kingdom


    There has been a considerable amount of work carried out on two-dimensional laser forming, using multipass straight line scan strategies to produce a reasonably controlled bend angle in a number of materials, including aerospace alloys. However, in order t...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:22 Iss:2 (Nd:YAG laser welding of titanium alloys using a directed gas jet)


    Authors:
    Jonathan Blackburn
    Laser Processing Research Centre, The University of Manchester, Manchester M60 1QD, United Kingdom

    Chris Allen
    Paul Hilton
    TWI Ltd., Granta Park, Abington, Cambridge CB21 6AL, United Kingdom

    Lin Li
    Laser Processing Research Centre, The University of Manchester, Manchester M60 1QD, United Kingdom


    The increasing utilization of titanium alloys in the aerospace industry, a direct result of socioeconomic pressures, has created the need for a production process which can produce high quality near-net-shape titanium alloy components. Keyhole laser welding is a joining technology which could be utilized for t...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:8 Iss:5 (A guide to developing a laser standard operating procedure)


    Authors:
    Ken Barat
    Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, U.S.A.


    The ANSI Z 136.1 standard requires a standard operating procedure (SOP), however, it does not recommend or suggest a format for the SOP. The goal of this article is to outline, explain and suggest an SOP format that could be applied by a laser safety officer to a varied number of situations and laser uses.

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:2 Iss:1 (The Clinical Status of Low Energy Laser Therapy in 1989)


    Authors:
    Jeffrey R. Basford
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Mayo Clinic and Foundation, Rochester, MN, U.S.A. 55902


    Low energy laser therapy has gained varying acceptance as a treatment for a broad range of soft tissue, musculoskeletal and neurological conditions. A controversial, but surprisingly large body of research with cell cultures suggests that laser irradiation can nondestructively alter cellular processes. Unfortunately, animal and human studies are often contradictory and difficult to evaluate due to differing study designs. As a result, the clinical effectiveness of low energy laser therapy remains debatable. Nevertheless, the findings are intriguing a...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:14 Iss:1 (Cutting of slate tiles by CO<sub>2</sub> laser)


    Authors:
    M. Boutinguiza
    F. Lusquin˜os
    J. Pou
    R. Soto
    F. Quintero
    M. Pe´rez-Amor
    Departamento Fı´sica Aplicada Universidade de Vigo, Lagoas Marcosende 9, E-36200 VIGO, Spain

    K. Watkins
    Laser Engineering Group, Department of Engineering, The University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 3GH, United Kingdom


    Slate is a natural stone which has the characteristic that shows a well-developed defoliation plane, allowing to easily split it in plates parallel to that plane which are particularly used as tiles for roof building. At present, the manufacturing of slate is mostly manual, bein...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:1 Iss:3 (Chemical Composition of Laser&hyphen;Tissue Interaction Smoke Plume)


    Authors:
    John M. Kokosa
    GMI Engineering & Management Institute, Flint, Michigan 48504 U.S.A.

    John Eugene
    Beckman Laser Institute, Irvine, California 92715 U.S.A.


    Lasers are assuming an increasingly important role in surgical procedures. However, several studies have shown that the smoke produced by laser&hyphen;tissue interaction is an airway irritant. Preliminary studies in our laboratories have shown that potentially hazardous chemicals, including benzene, formaldehyde and acrolein are present in the smoke plume resulting from CO2 and Nd:YAG laser interaction with animal tissue, even at low power densities. Since these chemicals are classified a...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:18 Iss:2 (Investigation of the effects of nonconventional beam geometries in laser surface treatment of ceramics: Theoretical analysis)


    Authors:
    D. Triantafyllidis
    Laser Processing Research Centre, School of Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering, The University of Manchester, Manchester M60 1QD, United Kingdom and Corrosion and Protection Centre, School of Materials, The University of Manchester, Manchester M60 IQD, United Kingdom

    L. Li
    Laser Processing Research Center, School of Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering, The University of Manchester, Manchester M60 1QD, United Kingdom

    F. H. Stott
    Corrosion and Protection Centre, School of Materials, The University of Manchester, Manchester M60 1QD, United Kingdom


    Laser surface treatment of ceramics by melting and re...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:23 Iss:1 (Optimal process parameters for thermoplastic polyetheretherketone joints fabricated using transmission laser welding and Lumogen<sup>&reg;</sup> IR absorptive pigment)


    Authors:
    Negin Amanat
    School of Physics, University of Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia and Cochlear Ltd., 14 Mars Rd., Lane Cove, New South Wales 2066, Australia

    Cedric Chaminade
    John Grace
    Raymax Applications, P.O. Box 958, Newport Beach, New South Wales 2106, Australia

    Natalie L. James
    Cochlear Ltd., 14 Mars Rd., Lane Cove, New South Wales 2066, Australia

    David R. McKenzie
    School of Physics, University of Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia


    This study investigates the effects of the process parameters (laser power and irradiation time) on the bond quality of transmission laser welded polyether...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:7 Iss:2 (A study of polarization&hyphen;maintaining fiber characteristics with applications to force and displacement sensing)


    Authors:
    P. V. P. Yupapin
    K. Weir
    K. T. V. Grattan
    A. W. Palmer



    An experimental investigation of three different types of highly birefringent fiber sensor element configured as a force and a displacement sensor is described. From the coupling of power between the two eigenmodes, the magnitude of the force and the position of the coupling point can then be determined using ‘white&hyphen;light interferometric’ techniques.

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:16 Iss:3 (A procedure for the estimation of intrabeam hazard distances and optical density requirements under the ANSI Z136.1-2000 Standard)


    Authors:
    Robert J. Thomas
    Benjamin A. Rockwell
    Air Force Research Laboratory, Brooks AFB, Texas 78235-5215

    Wesley J. Marshall
    USACHPPM, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland 21010-5422

    Robert C. Aldrich
    Mary F. Gorschboth
    Sheldon A. Zimmerman
    Dahlgren Division, Naval Surface Warfare Center, Dahlgren, Virginia 22448-5100

    R. James Rockwell
    Rockwell Laser Industries, Cincinnati, Ohio 45243


    Over the past few years, a comprehensive rewrite of the American National Standard for Safe Use of Lasers (ANSI Z136.1) has been conducted [American National Standards Institute, Z136.1-2000 America...

    $25.00

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