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  • JLA Vol:21 Iss:2 (Partial growth of crack in laser scribing of glass)

    Koji Yamamoto
    Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565–0871, Japan

    Noboru Hasaka
    Hideki Morita
    Mitsuboshi Diamond Industrial Co., Ltd., 1-4-37 Minami-kaneden, Suita, Osaka 564–0044, Japan

    Etsuji Ohmura
    Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565–0871, Japan

    The scribing of glass by a CO2 laser is much more effective compared to the conventional mechanical technology in use because the strength of the cut glass is improved since microcracks and particles along the cut edge are lessened. However, the crack depth of ...


  • JLA Vol:9 Iss:6 (Amendments to the Center for Devices and Radiological Health Federal Performance Standard for laser products)

    Jerome E. Dennis
    Center for Devices and Radiological Health, Food and Drug Administration, Rockville, MD, U.S.A.

    Federal law requires that all laser products that are imported into or introduced into commerce in the United States comply with the performance standard published in the Code of Federal Regulations (CRF), Title 21, Parts 1040.10 and 1040.11, administered by the Center for Devices and Radiological Health (CDRH), US Food and Drug Administration. Although it contains somewhat different requirements for hazard classification, engineering controls and labeling, the ANSI Z136.1 standard defers to the CDRH standard. The CDRH standard became effective in August, 1976 and ...


  • JLA Vol:3 Iss:2 (Precision Limits of the Estimation of the Parameters of Fo¨rster Models of Fluorescence Waveforms)

    L. Jonathan Dowell
    Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545

    The author examined the precision of maximum‐likelihood‐derived, nonlinear least‐squared‐error algorithms that are suitable for laboratory implementation and that estimate the parameters of Fo¨rster models of fluorescence. The estimation precision for these parameters is limited by inherent noise in the fluorescence‐waveform measurement. This paper examines the Fo¨rster model and its recent applications and discusses parameter estimations for models of energy transfer by different wavefunction interactions. It presents the results of Monte Carlo simulation studi...


  • JLA Vol:15 Iss:2 (Antigalling and low friction properties of a laser processed Co-based material)

    D. H. E. Persson
    Duroc AB, Umeå, Sweden

    S. Jacobson
    S. Hogmark
    The Tribomaterials Group at Ångstro¨m Laboratory, Uppsala University, Sweden

    The antigalling and low friction properties of a CO2-laser processed Co-based material (Stellite 21) was investigated under high-load sliding conditions. Dry sliding tests were carried out at both room temperature and at 250 °C. The tests were performed by sliding two identical specimens against each other in a dedicated test. A low and stable friction coefficient at a level of about 0.20, and relatively independent on load and sliding speed, was obtained after a short runn...


  • JLA Vol:25 Iss:3 (Laser processing of nickel–aluminum bronze for improved surface corrosion properties)

    R. Cottam
    T. Barry
    Industrial Laser Applications Laboratory, IRIS, Faculty of Engineering and Industrial Sciences, Swinburne University of Technology, Victoria 3122, Australia and Defence Materials Technology Centre, Victoria 3122, Australia

    D. McDonald
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia and Defence Materials Technology Centre, Victoria 3122, Australia

    H. Li
    Faculty of Engineering, University of Wollongong, New South Wales 2522, Australia and Defence Materials Technology Centre, Victoria 3122, Australia

    D. Edwards
    A. Majumdar
    Defence Science and T...


  • JLA Vol:19 Iss:2 (Interaction of a focused laser beam and a coaxial powder jet in laser surface processing)

    O. O. Diniz Neto
    A. M. Alcalde
    Instituto de Fi´sica, Universidade Federal de Uberlaˆndia, Caixa Postal 593, CEP 38400-902, Uberlaˆndia MG, Brazil

    R. Vilar
    Instituto Superior Te´cnico and ICEMS, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1096-001 Lisboa, Portugal

    Laser cladding, laser alloying, and laser free-form manufacturing are promising techniques where a laser beam is frequently used in conjunction with a coaxial powder jet for surface treating or rapid manufacturing. In the present work, a computational model was developed and used to simulate several experimental setups in order to optimize the processing conditions. More specifically, t...


  • JLA Vol:24 Iss:2 (Temperature measurement of laser heated metals in highly oxidizing environment using 2D single-band and spectral pyrometry)

    Maryse Muller
    Remy Fabbro
    PIMM Laboratory (Arts et Me´tiers ParisTech—CNRS), 151 l’Hoˆpital, 75013 Paris, France

    Hazem El-Rabii
    Institut Prime, CNRS-ENSMA-Universite´ de Poitiers, 1 Ave. Cle´ment Ader, BP 40109, 86961 Futuroscope Chasseneuil Cedex, France

    Koji Hirano
    Nippon Steel Corporation, Marunouchi Park Building, 2-6-1 Marunouchi, Chiyoda Ward, Tokyo 100-8071, Japan

    Calibration and validation of two temperature measurement techniques both using optical pyrometry, usable in the framework of the study of the heated metals in highly oxidizing environments and more generally dur...


  • JLA Vol:6 Iss:3 (Laser express: Putting together a laser‐based road show)

    Steven S. Lympany
    Laser & Electro‐Optics Technology, Central Carolina Community College, Lillington, NC 27546, U.S.A.

    Laser technology has progressed to the point that most elementary through high school students are familiar with one or more laser applications. However, many of these students have not had the opportunity to witness a laser in acton where they can touch it and see it directly. In addition, most students are unaware of the career possibilities the field of laser technology has to offer. This paper presents the specifics of a successful laser‐based program that has been offered to K‐12 students and teachers in North Carolina over the la...


  • JLA Vol:17 Iss:4 (Developments towards controlled three-dimensional laser forming of continuous surfaces)

    S. P. Edwardson
    E. Abed
    P. French
    G. Dearden
    K. G. Watkins
    Laser Group, Department of Engineering, The University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 3GH, United Kingdom

    R. McBride
    D. P. Hand
    J. D. C. Jones
    A. J. Moore
    School of Engineering and Physical Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, United Kingdom

    There has been a considerable amount of work carried out on two-dimensional laser forming, using multipass straight line scan strategies to produce a reasonably controlled bend angle in a number of materials, including aerospace alloys. However, in order t...


  • JLA Vol:22 Iss:2 (Nd:YAG laser welding of titanium alloys using a directed gas jet)

    Jonathan Blackburn
    Laser Processing Research Centre, The University of Manchester, Manchester M60 1QD, United Kingdom

    Chris Allen
    Paul Hilton
    TWI Ltd., Granta Park, Abington, Cambridge CB21 6AL, United Kingdom

    Lin Li
    Laser Processing Research Centre, The University of Manchester, Manchester M60 1QD, United Kingdom

    The increasing utilization of titanium alloys in the aerospace industry, a direct result of socioeconomic pressures, has created the need for a production process which can produce high quality near-net-shape titanium alloy components. Keyhole laser welding is a joining technology which could be utilized for t...



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