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  • JLA Vol:16 Iss:2 (High-power CO<sub>2</sub> laser design &ldquo;from resonator end mirror to cutting lens focal point&rdquo;)


    Authors:
    David Toebaert
    HACO NV, Oekenestraat 120, 8800 Rumbeke, Belgium

    Wybo Wagenaar
    Infinite Simulation Systems BV, Lange Bunder 3, 4854 MB Bavel, Netherlands


    An algorithm is derived that allows calculating all optical parameters relevant to the design of a high-power CO2 laser, taking into account the practical needs of a flying-optics type of laser cutting machine. The novelty of the approach taken is that the resonator and the beam delivery optics are treated simultaneously, which allows for greater flexibility in design. To begin with, the often-used optical configuration of a stable resonator combined with a beam expander for collimation is mod...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:20 Iss:3 (Investigation of femtosecond laser induced thermal ablation of polyethylene)


    Authors:
    Andrew J. Lee
    Judith M. Dawes
    Michael J. Withford
    Centre of Ultrahigh-bandwidth Devices for Optical Systems (CUDOS) and MQPhotonics Research Centre, Department of Physics, Macquarie University, 2109 NSW, Australia


    We present a novel method for profiling high aspect ratio and undercut laser drilled holes using sacrificial layers. This profiling method is used to compare and contrast laser ablation of polyethylene films under exposure to ultraviolet (266 nm) and near-infrared (800 nm) radiation from an ultrafast, femtosecond laser. We find that ultraviolet femtosecond pulsed laser processing of this polymer exhibits similar characteristics to...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:9 Iss:3 (Experimental study of cutting thick aluminum and steel with a chemical oxygen&ndash;iodine laser using an N<sub>2</sub> or O<sub>2</sub> gas assist)


    Authors:
    David L. Carroll
    James A. Rothenflue



    A chemical oxygen–iodine laser (COIL) was used to cut aluminum and carbon steel. Cut depths of 20 mm in aluminum and 41 mm in carbon steel were obtained using an N2 gas assist and 5–6 kW of power on target. The same laser at the same power level produced a cut depth of 65 mm in carbon steel with an O2 gas assist; a low quality cut to a depth of nearly 100 mm in carbon steel was also demonstrated. These data are compared with existing COIL and CO2 laser cutting data. COIL cuts carbon steel and stainless steel at approximately the same rate. For a given cut depth, power and spot size...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:4 Iss:2 (Dynamic Laser Doppler Velocimetry on Solid Surfaces)


    Authors:
    Milind M. Rajadhyaksha
    Warren H. Stevenson
    Applied Optics Laboratory, School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, U.S.A.


    This paper presents the results of a detailed analytical and experimental investigation into the accuracy of a differential laser Doppler velocimeter (LDV) for dynamic, solid surface velocity measurements made over very short averaging times on the order of one millisecond. Accuracy limitations are derived, along with operating conditions and signal processing considerations needed to optimize LDV performance. An experiment is described which demonstrates the use of an LDV to instantaneously and accurate...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:14 Iss:3 (Pulsed laser driven deposition of spattered molten particles and its application to the manufacturing of wear-resistant coatings)


    Authors:
    Toru Nagai
    Takashi Inoue
    Applied Laser Engineering Research Institute, 2085-16 Uenoyama, Fukasawa, Nagaoka 940-2135, Japan

    Hirofumi Shimura
    Mechanical Engineering Laboratory, Agency of Industrial Science and Technology, 1-2 Namiki, Tsukuba 305-8564, Japan


    In this article, we report on a new process for manufacturing metal coatings with submillimeter thickness by pulsed laser driven deposition of molten metal particles. The process of “laser spattering of molten particles” using a high pulse-energy laser is considered to be effective compared to the conventional physical vapor process based on vaporized ultrafine particle generati...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:24 Iss:5 (The numerical analysis and measurements of temperature profile in fat tissue during neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet laser irradiation for laser-assisted lipolysis)


    Authors:
    Jong-In Youn
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, College of Medical Science, Catholic University of Daegu, Hayangeup, Gyongsansi, Gyongbuk 712-702, South Korea


    The purpose of the study is to investigate the temperature profile of fat tissue during neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet laser irradiation (1064, 1320, and 1444 nm wavelengths) for laser-assisted lipolysis. The numerical analysis was performed to assess the wavelength dependence of the temperature distribution in fat tissue. For the internal temperature profile measurements, a cannula was placed in the middle of fat tissue for laser irradiation, and two hypodermic thermocouple needles were placed at 2 and 5 mm...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:18 Iss:4 (Influence of joint geometry and fit-up gaps on hybrid laser-metal active gas (MAG) welding)


    Authors:
    Y. Yao
    Jilin University and China FAW Group Corporation R&D Center, No. 35 Chuangye Street, 130011 Changchun, China

    M. Wouters
    Luleå University of Technology, Division of Manufacturing Systems Engineering, S-971 87, Luleå, Sweden

    J. Powell
    Luleå University of Technology, Division of Manufacturing Systems Engineering, S-971 87, Luleå, Sweden and Laser Expertise Ltd., Acorn Park Ind. Estate, Harrimans Lane, Nottingham NG7 2TR, United Kingdom

    K. Nilsson
    A. F. H. Kaplan
    Luleå University of Technology, Division of Manufacturing Systems Engineering, S-971 87, Luleå, Sweden

    ...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:23 Iss:3 (Parameter optimization of a laser-induced fluorescence system for <em>in vivo</em> screening of oral cancer)


    Authors:
    V. K. Unnikrishnan
    Rajesh Nayak
    Rodney Bernard
    Centre for Atomic and Molecular Physics, Manipal University, Manipal, 576 104, India

    K. Jeena Priya
    Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, MCODS Mangalore, Manipal University, Manipal, 575 001, India

    Ajeetkumar Patil
    Centre for Atomic and Molecular Physics, Manipal University, Manipal, 576 104 India

    J. Ebenezer
    PG & Research Department of Physics, Jamal Mohamed College, Tiruchinapalli, Manipal, 620 020, India

    Keerthilatha M. Pai
    Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, MCODS Manipal, Manipal University, Manipal,576 104 India<...>

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:6 Iss:1 (Measurement of temperature and absorptance for laser processing applications)


    Authors:
    S. Ramanathan
    M. F. Modest
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, U.S.A.


    The use of CO2 lasers has been successfully demonstrated for several manufacturing processes such as cutting, drilling, scribing, etc., of a wide range of materials. The absorptance of a material at the laser wavelength and at the material removal temperature substantially affect the efficiency of the laser machining process. Some materials have absorption bands in the mid&hyphen;infrared and the absorptance changes drastically with temperature at the CO2 laser wavelength of 10.6 μm. Additionally, the absor...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:16 Iss:4 (Laser assisted cleaning of oxide films on SUS409 stainless steel)


    Authors:
    H. Guo
    Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802

    R. Martukanitz
    Applied Research Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802

    T. DebRoy
    Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The Pennsylvania State Univeristy, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802


    Laser assisted cleaning of oxide films on SUS409 stainless steel plates was studied both experimentally and theoretically. The highly oxidized surfaces with oxide scales of about 25 μm thickness were irradiated with Q-switched pulsed Nd:yttritium–aluminu...

    $25.00

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