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  • JLA Vol:17 Iss:1 (An experimental and numerical study of the influence of diode laser beam shape on thin wall direct metal deposition)


    Authors:
    Andrew J. Pinkerton
    Lin Li
    School of Mechanical, Aerospace, and Civil Engineering, The University of Manchester, Sackville Street, Manchester, M60 1QD U.K.


    Use of the high powered diode laser (HPDL) for direct metal deposition enables multiple layer cladding to be performed with a nominally rectangular beam, traversed at different angles to the fast axis, or with a fiber-coupled, circular beam. These factors may provide an advantage over the traditional beam profiles of CO2 and Nd:YAG lasers, so there is a need to examine the effect that they have on the process and final product characteristics. This article reports such an examination. A 1.5 kW ...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:6 Iss:1 (Measurement of temperature and absorptance for laser processing applications)


    Authors:
    S. Ramanathan
    M. F. Modest
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, U.S.A.


    The use of CO2 lasers has been successfully demonstrated for several manufacturing processes such as cutting, drilling, scribing, etc., of a wide range of materials. The absorptance of a material at the laser wavelength and at the material removal temperature substantially affect the efficiency of the laser machining process. Some materials have absorption bands in the mid‐infrared and the absorptance changes drastically with temperature at the CO2 laser wavelength of 10.6 μm. Additionally, the absor...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:21 Iss:3 (Multibeam fiber laser cutting)


    Authors:
    Flemming Ove Olsen
    Klaus Schuett Hansen
    Jakob Skov Nielsen
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby DK-2800, Denmark


    The appearance of the high power high brilliance fiber laser has opened for new possibilities in laser materials processing. In laser cutting this laser has demonstrated high cutting performance compared to the dominating cutting laser, the CO2 laser. However, quality problems in fiber-laser cutting have until now limited its application to metal cutting. In this paper the first results of proof-of-principle studies applying a new approach (patent pending) for laser cutting with h...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:15 Iss:3 (Steady-state laser cutting modeling)


    Authors:
    Ce´dric Mas
    Re´my Fabbro
    CLFA, 16 bis Avenue Prieur de la Côte d’Or, 94114 Arcueil Cedex, France

    Yannick Goue´dard
    OPTIS, ZE la Farlède, BP 275, 83078 Toulon Cedex 9, France


    We present a global self-consistent model of the laser cutting process where we have taken into account the main parameters of the process that are the laser beam intensity distribution, the thermal phenomena controlling the melt parameters, the fluid, both cutting gas and melt hydrodynamics, and the local equilibrium of the geometry of the cutting front. This steady state approach provides us with different fluid velocities, surface ...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:8 Iss:2 (Laser materials processing at Sandia National Laboratories)


    Authors:
    James L. Jellison
    Michael J. Cieslak
    Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM 87185, U.S.A.


    This paper describes the laser materials processing capabilities at Sandia National Laboratories. Some of the advances in the understanding of various aspects of laser materials processing which have been made by the laser materials processing team at Sandia are discussed.

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:19 Iss:3 (Single-Pass and Multi-Pass Laser Cutting of Si–SiC: Assessment of the Cut Quality and Microstructure in the Heat Affected Zone)


    Authors:
    F. Quintero
    J. Pou
    F. Lusquin˜os
    A. Riveiro
    M. Pe´rez-Amor
    Departamento Fi´sica Aplicada, E.T.S. Ingenieros Industriales, University de Vigo, 36310 Vigo, Spain

    A. J. S. Fernandes
    Department of Physics, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal


    Experimental investigations on the laser cutting of thick silicon infiltrated silicon carbide (Si–SiC) elements are presented. Si–SiC is a fully dense ceramic composite with high hardness and chemical and thermal stability, which makes it a valuable material in severe conditions. However, machining is still a challenging task. A...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:3 Iss:1 (Nursing Perspective: Clinical Laser Safety Issues Survey)


    Authors:
    Penny J. Smalley
    Laser Resources & Consulting Services, Chicago, Illinois


    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:24 Iss:5 (The numerical analysis and measurements of temperature profile in fat tissue during neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet laser irradiation for laser-assisted lipolysis)


    Authors:
    Jong-In Youn
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, College of Medical Science, Catholic University of Daegu, Hayangeup, Gyongsansi, Gyongbuk 712-702, South Korea


    The purpose of the study is to investigate the temperature profile of fat tissue during neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet laser irradiation (1064, 1320, and 1444 nm wavelengths) for laser-assisted lipolysis. The numerical analysis was performed to assess the wavelength dependence of the temperature distribution in fat tissue. For the internal temperature profile measurements, a cannula was placed in the middle of fat tissue for laser irradiation, and two hypodermic thermocouple needles were placed at 2 and 5 mm...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:24 Iss:3 (2D longitudinal modeling of heat transfer and fluid flow during multilayered direct laser metal deposition process)


    Authors:
    Simon Morville
    Muriel Carin
    LIMATB, Universite´ de Bretagne-Sud/UEB, Centre de recherche Ch. Huygens, Rue de Saint Maude´, BP 92116, 56321 Lorient cedex, France

    Patrice Peyre
    Myriam Gharbi
    PIMM, UMR 8006 CNRS-Arts et Me´tiers Paris Tech, 151 Boulevard de l’Hoˆpital, 75013 Paris, France

    Denis Carron
    Philippe Le Masson
    LIMATB, Universite´ de Bretagne-Sud/UEB, Centre de recherche Ch. Huygens, Rue de Saint Maude´, BP 92116, 56321 Lorient cedex, France

    Re´my Fabbro
    PIMM, UMR 8006 CNRS-Arts et Me´tiers Paris Tech, 151 Boulevard de l’Ho&ci...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:18 Iss:1 (Three-dimensional analytical model on laser-powder interaction during laser cladding)


    Authors:
    Yan-Lu Huang
    Jian Liu
    Nai-Heng Ma
    Jian-Guo Li
    School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China 200030


    To compute the attenuation of laser power by powder stream and the temperature distribution of the powder particles arriving at different sites on the surface of the workpiece, a three-dimensional analytical model was presented based on Lambert-Beer theorem, Mie’s theory, and heat equilibrium principle. The obtained results revealed that for a given stream spread and speed of powder particles, the laser intensity distribution of laser spot and the temperature distribution of the powder part...

    $25.00

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