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  • JLA Vol:9 Iss:2 (Laser cladding with a pulsed Nd:YAG laser and optical fibers)


    Authors:
    M. Brandt
    D. A. Scott
    S. B. Emms
    J. M. Yellup



    A new laser cladding technique for producing wear and corrosion resistant surfaces on engineering components is reported. The technique involves the combination of the pre‐placed and injected powder delivery methods for producing clad layers. The clad layers were formed with a pulsed Nd:YAG laser and optical fibers. The results using a nickel‐based alloy (Hastelloy C) indicate that uniform clad layers in excess of 1 mm in thickness can be achieved in a single pass with 240 W average power incident on the workpiece. The laser beam was delivered through a step‐index glass ...

    $25.00

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  • JLA Vol:18 Iss:1 (Effect of oxygen in ambient atmosphere on penetration characteristics in single yttrium–aluminum–garnet laser and hybrid welding)


    Authors:
    Yasuaki Naito
    Masami Mizutani
    Seiji Katayama
    Joining and Welding Research Institute (JWRI), Osaka University, 11-1 Mihogaoka, Ibaraki, Osaka 567-0047, Japan


    Welding with a yttrium–aluminum–garnet (YAG) laser only or with hybrid source combined with a YAG laser and a TIG arc was carried out on Type 304 stainless steel plate with low S content in the air or in the chamber with Ar gas including 0%–15% oxygen gas. It was confirmed in both laser and hybrid welding that the penetration and geometry of welds depended upon the volume of the oxygen in the ambient atmosphere, and that a pronounced “nail head” disappeared in a weld...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:22 Iss:3 (Evaluation criterion and closed-loop control of penetration status during laser-MIG hybrid welding)


    Authors:
    Yongqiang Zhang
    Shougang Research Institute of Technology, Beijing 100043, Peoples Republic of China

    Peng Wen
    Jiguo Shan
    Yuanqing Shuang
    Wuzhu Chen
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tsinghua University Beijing 100084, Peoples Republic of China


    Laser-MIG hybrid welding is an advanced joining process and is widely applied in various industries. It is important to make sure the plate is fully penetrated with an appropriate weld formation in practical applications. In this paper, 3 kW CO2 laser and pulse MIG machine were used to compose the laser-MIG hybrid welding equipment to make butt weld of stainless...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:23 Iss:2 (Microcomputed tomography analysis of intralayer porosity generation in laser direct metal deposition and its causes)


    Authors:
    M. Naveed Ahsan
    Laser Processing Research Centre, School of Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering, University of Manchester, Sackville Street, Manchester M13 9PL, United Kingdom

    Robert Bradley
    Henry Moseley X-ray Imaging Facility, School of Materials, University of Manchester, Grosvenor Street, Manchester M13 9PL, United Kingdom

    Andrew J. Pinkerton
    Laser Processing Research Centre, School of Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering, University of Manchester, Sackville Street, Manchester M13 9PL, United Kingdom


    Laser direct metal deposition has wide application in the areas of rapid manufacturing, surface coating, and compon...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:7 Iss:4 (Laser applications in science education (LASE) Project: an introduction to photonics at the secondary school level)


    Authors:
    Gareth T. Williams
    Physics Department, San Jose State University, San Jose, California, U.S.A.


    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:16 Iss:1 (Laser-induced electrochemical characteristics of aluminum alloy 2024-T3)


    Authors:
    Olga Kachurina
    Tammy L. Metroke
    Kai Dou
    Department of Physics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078


    Laser-induced surface modification of aluminum alloy 2024-T3 was investigated as laser intensity dependence of surface composition and patterning related to electrochemical characteristics using techniques of environmental scanning electron microscopy (ESEM), potentiodynamic scan, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Analysis of surface composition using ESEM and EIS indicated that laser fluences in a range of 1.1–1.3 J/cm2 were found to preferentially reduce the copper concentration in the alloy surf...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:20 Iss:2 (Review of exposure limits and experimental data for corneal and lenticular damage from short pulsed UV and IR laser radiation)


    Authors:
    Karl Schulmeister
    Austrian Research Centers, A-2444 Seibersdorf, Austria

    David H. Sliney
    US Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland 21010-5422

    John Mellerio
    Department of Ophthalmology, Rayne Institute, St. Thomas’ Hospital, London, SE1 7EH, United Kingdom

    David J. Lund
    Bruce E. Stuck
    US Army Medical Research Detachment, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Brooks City-Base, San Antonio, Texas 78235-5108

    Joseph A. Zuclich
    Northrop Grumman Information Technology, San Antonio, Texas 78288-1330


    Laser exposure limits as ...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:24 Iss:2 (Laser dressing of metal bonded diamond blades for cutting of hard brittle materials)


    Authors:
    Philipp von Witzendorff
    Anas Moalem
    Rainer Kling
    Ludger Overmeyer
    Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V., Hollerithallee 8, 30419 Hannover, Germany


    In this study, the authors investigate the laser dressing of metal bonded diamond blades by means of laser pulses with different pulse durations and wavelengths. Conventional dressing suffers from excessive blade wear, whereas laser dressing enables precise removal of the bonding metal to generate the required chip space of protruding diamond grains. The challenge for processing this composite material is to find appropriate level of ablation for the bonding metal without damaging the diamond grains thr...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:6 Iss:3 (Safety concerns about laser pointers)


    Authors:
    David H. Sliney
    Jerome E. Dennis



    In the past two years considerable concerns have been expressed about the safety of Class 3A laser pointers. The concern has been that Class 3A diode–laser pointers have replaced the safer helium–neon (He–Ne) Class 2 laser pointers. Hundreds of thousands of small He–Ne visible‐wavelength lasers have been traditionally used for alignment and pointing, laser demonstrations and laser displays in science, education and industry, but can the diode laser be as safe and effective? Not infrequently, some people associate “lasers” with Buck Rogers and “Star Wars”, and are concerned wh...

    $25.00

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