• JLA Vol:21 Iss:3 (Infrared observations and finite element modeling of a laser transmission welding process)


    Authors:
    L. S. Mayboudi
    A. M. Birk
    G. Zak
    Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada

    P. J. Bates
    Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Royal Military College, Kingston, Ontario K7K 7B4, Canada


    Laser transmission welding (LTW), a technique to join thermoplastic components, involves a laser beam passing through a laser-transmitting part and then being absorbed by the laser-absorbing part at the weld interface. To form a strong bond, it is important that the weld interface be exposed to sufficient heat to melt the polymer without degrading it. A lap-joint geometry was investigated and the...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:23 Iss:2 (Microcomputed tomography analysis of intralayer porosity generation in laser direct metal deposition and its causes)


    Authors:
    M. Naveed Ahsan
    Laser Processing Research Centre, School of Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering, University of Manchester, Sackville Street, Manchester M13 9PL, United Kingdom

    Robert Bradley
    Henry Moseley X-ray Imaging Facility, School of Materials, University of Manchester, Grosvenor Street, Manchester M13 9PL, United Kingdom

    Andrew J. Pinkerton
    Laser Processing Research Centre, School of Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering, University of Manchester, Sackville Street, Manchester M13 9PL, United Kingdom


    Laser direct metal deposition has wide application in the areas of rapid manufacturing, surface coating, and compon...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:7 Iss:4 (Laser applications in science education (LASE) Project: an introduction to photonics at the secondary school level)


    Authors:
    Gareth T. Williams
    Physics Department, San Jose State University, San Jose, California, U.S.A.


    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:15 Iss:2 (Plasma assisted laser surface alloying)


    Authors:
    M. H. McCay
    C. M. Sharp
    J. A. Hopkins
    The Center for Laser Applications, The University of Tennessee Space Institute, Tullahoma, Tennessee 37388

    B. Szapiro
    The Department of Physics, University of the South, Sewanee, Tennessee

    T. D. McCay
    The Center for Laser Applications, The University of Tennessee Space Institute, Tullahoma, Tennessee 37388


    The combination of plasma arc with a Nd:YAG laser during surface alloying produces a synergistic effect which significantly increases the depth of the melt pool beyond that expected by a summation of the individual depths. Incremental increases in laser power produce ...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:19 Iss:3 (Femtosecond pulsed laser microfabrication of SiC MEMS microgripper)


    Authors:
    Monica Vendan
    Pal Molian
    Mechanical Engineering Department, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011


    We report the capability of an ultrafast laser to pattern an electrostatic-comb-drive microgripper in the chemically difficult-to-etch 3C-SiC thin films. A microgripper with overall dimensions 1.2 mm×0.35 mm and a gap of 20 μm was designed and fabricated for the purpose of grasping and transporting microscale objects in hostile and harsh environments. Atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition was used to deposit thin films (∼2 μm) of 3C-SiC on 〈100〉 silicon substrates. A Ti:sapphire laser with 120 fs pulse wid...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:1 Iss:1 (Laser Application in Otolaryngology — Head and Neck Surgery)


    Authors:
    Michael Barat
    Robert H. Ossoff
    Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Department of Otolaryngology, Nashville, Tennessee


    Since the discovery of the laser in 1959, a wide variety of lasers have been developed with numerous clinical applications in medicine and surgery. Lasers have had a great impact on the surgical approach to both benign and malignant diseases in Otolaryngology‐Head and Neck Surgery, and have enabled the otolaryngologist to manage diseases in the aerodigestive system primarily through an endoscopic approach. We will summarize the physical properties of the currently used lasers in otolaryngology, as well as their clinical applications.

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:8 Iss:1 (Laser polarimeters: Overview of recent developments, design and applications)


    Authors:
    Vi´ctor Fajer Avila
    Center for the Development of Scientific Equipment and Instruments, Ministry of Science Techonology and Environment, Havana, Cuba


    Research carried out in Cuba has led to the design and construction of automatic polarimeters that use the He‐Ne laser as a luminous source and work on a magnetooptic principle of measurement. Physical and chemical investigations including the use of the He‐Ne laser as a light source are discussed. The principle of measurement for the design and construction of polarimeters, resulting in three different types of these instruments, is described. Finally, applications for magnetooptic polarimetry are described,...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:3 Iss:1 (Laser Welding Copper and Copper Alloys)


    Authors:
    Kaoru Hashimoto
    Takehiko Sato
    Koichi Niwa
    Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd., 10‐1, Morinosato‐Wakamiya, Atsugi 243‐01, Japan


    We have developed a laser hermetic sealing technique that combines nickel plating with laser welding for copper and copper alloy bellows for general purpose large‐scale computers. Laser welding of copper has been difficult because of copper's high thermal conductivity and reflectivity. However, laser welding nickel‐plated copper results in deep penetration. To avoid corrosion induced at the dissimilar metal contact between nickel and copper, the nickel‐plated copper was heat‐treated bef...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:18 Iss:1 (Effect of oxygen in ambient atmosphere on penetration characteristics in single yttrium–aluminum–garnet laser and hybrid welding)


    Authors:
    Yasuaki Naito
    Masami Mizutani
    Seiji Katayama
    Joining and Welding Research Institute (JWRI), Osaka University, 11-1 Mihogaoka, Ibaraki, Osaka 567-0047, Japan


    Welding with a yttrium–aluminum–garnet (YAG) laser only or with hybrid source combined with a YAG laser and a TIG arc was carried out on Type 304 stainless steel plate with low S content in the air or in the chamber with Ar gas including 0%–15% oxygen gas. It was confirmed in both laser and hybrid welding that the penetration and geometry of welds depended upon the volume of the oxygen in the ambient atmosphere, and that a pronounced “nail head” disappeared in a weld...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:22 Iss:3 (Evaluation criterion and closed-loop control of penetration status during laser-MIG hybrid welding)


    Authors:
    Yongqiang Zhang
    Shougang Research Institute of Technology, Beijing 100043, Peoples Republic of China

    Peng Wen
    Jiguo Shan
    Yuanqing Shuang
    Wuzhu Chen
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tsinghua University Beijing 100084, Peoples Republic of China


    Laser-MIG hybrid welding is an advanced joining process and is widely applied in various industries. It is important to make sure the plate is fully penetrated with an appropriate weld formation in practical applications. In this paper, 3 kW CO2 laser and pulse MIG machine were used to compose the laser-MIG hybrid welding equipment to make butt weld of stainless...

    $25.00

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