• JLA Vol:9 Iss:3 (A power distribution model of industrial CO<sub>2</sub> lasers for system diagnosis)


    Authors:
    James G. Katter
    Jay F. Tu
    Mark Gartner



    Industrial lasers are high power pieces of equipment that occasionally function under undesirable operating conditions. For example, the performance of a transverse&hyphen;flow d.c.&hyphen;excited gas laser can be adversely affected by many factors such as electrode arcing, poor lens and mirror cleanliness, focusing problems, improper gas mixture composition, poor gas quality, poor beam stability, poor beam path cleanliness, operator error, poor maintenance, poor chiller water temperature and flow rate stability, and improper laser beam ramp&hyphen;in/ramp&hyphen;out rates. Many of these factors which occur in ...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:18 Iss:4 (Threshold powers and delays for igniting propane and butane-air mixtures by cw laser-heated small particles)


    Authors:
    Thomas H. Dubaniewicz
    National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Pittsburgh Research Laboratory, 626 Cochrans Mill Road, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15236


    The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Pittsburgh Research Laboratory conducted a study of laser safety in potentially flammable environments. Researchers measured threshold igniting powers as a function of beam diameter for butane and propane-air mixtures by laser-heating targets placed on optical fiber tips using a 1064 nm laser. The minimum igniting powers for propane-air and butane-air were about 250 and 300 mW, respectively. Threshold igniting powers for propane-air were approxima...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:4 Iss:1 (Laser Triangulation Range Sensors: A Study of Performance Limitations)


    Authors:
    Michael Buzinski
    Alan Levine
    Warren H. Stevenson
    Applied Optics Laboratory, School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907


    Optical triangulation is a very old method of determining absolute distance to an object. In recent years laser range sensors utilizing this principle have seen growing use, particularly in the auto industry. More accurate versions are being employed for dimensional inspection operations where the sensor is often mounted on a coordinate measuring machine. Such a system offers the potential for rapid non&hyphen;contact dimensional metrology. However, there are several factors which must be taken int...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:24 Iss:5 (A comparative study of cut front profiles and absorptivity behavior for disk and CO<sub>2</sub> laser beam inert gas fusion cutting)


    Authors:
    Leonardo Daniele Scintilla
    Luigi Tricarico
    Dipartimento di Meccanica, Matematica e Management (DMMM), Politecnico di Bari, Viale Japigia, 182–70126 Bari, Italy

    Achim Mahrle
    Institute of Manufacturing Technology, Technische Universita¨t Dresden, 01062 Dresden, Germany and Fraunhofer IWS Dresden, Winterbergstraße 28, 01277 Dresden, Germany

    Andreas Wetzig
    Fraunhofer IWS Dresden, Winterbergstraße 28, 01277 Dresden, Germany

    Eckhard Beyer
    Institute of Manufacturing Technology, Technische Universita¨t Dresden, 01062 Dresden, Germany and Fraunhofer IWS Dresden, Winterbergstraße 28, 01277 Dres...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:23 Iss:4 (Thermal diffusivity measurement of silver nanofluid by thermal lens technique)


    Authors:
    Reza Zamiri
    Department of Physics, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

    B. Z. Azmi
    Department of Physics,Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia and Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology Laboratory, Institute of Advanced Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

    E. Shahriari
    Kazim Naghavi
    E. Saion
    Zahid Rizwan
    M. S. Husin
    Department of Physics, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia


    The thermal lens technique was utilized in silver nanofluid containing silver nanopartic...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:17 Iss:2 (Feedback control effects on dimensions and defects of H13 tool steel by direct metal deposition process)


    Authors:
    Y. Hua
    J. Choi
    Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering and Engineering Mechanics, University of Missouri, Rolla, Missouri 65409-1060


    As a promising and novel manufacturing technology, laser aided direct metal deposition (DMD) process produces near-net-shape functional metal parts directly from the computer aided design (CAD) model. In-process feedback control has been recognized as a critical element to ensure the dimensional accuracy as well as near-net-shape production. Furthermore, process parameters should be delicately controlled to produce defect-free parts with superior mechanical properties. A closed loop real-time optical height control system...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:6 Iss:1 (Amending the CDRH performance standard for laser products)


    Authors:
    Jerome E. Dennis
    Office of Compliance and Surveillance Center for Devices and Radiological Heath, US Food and Drug Administration, Silver Springs, MD, U.S.A.


    The most recent amendments to the Federal performance standard for laser products became effective in 1985 and 1986. At this time, the Center for Devices and Radiological Health (CDRH) is making public its intention to amend the standard again and is inviting suggestions and comments. The amendments that are now under consideration are based upon advances in the sciences of photobiology and hazard evaluation. They are also intended to harmonize with developments in international standards for similar products, and to cla...

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  • JLA Vol:21 Iss:4 (Numerical model of a laser-sustained argon plasma)


    Authors:
    R. Akarapu
    A. R. Nassar
    Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics, Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802-6812

    S. M. Copley
    Applied Research Laboratory and Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802-6812

    J. A. Todd
    Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics, Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802-6812


    A steady state axi-symmetric model was developed to predict the size, shape and temperature of a laser-sustained plasma in flowing argon. The power of the carbon dioxide (CO2) laser and the free s...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:15 Iss:2 (Plasma assisted laser surface alloying)


    Authors:
    M. H. McCay
    C. M. Sharp
    J. A. Hopkins
    The Center for Laser Applications, The University of Tennessee Space Institute, Tullahoma, Tennessee 37388

    B. Szapiro
    The Department of Physics, University of the South, Sewanee, Tennessee

    T. D. McCay
    The Center for Laser Applications, The University of Tennessee Space Institute, Tullahoma, Tennessee 37388


    The combination of plasma arc with a Nd:YAG laser during surface alloying produces a synergistic effect which significantly increases the depth of the melt pool beyond that expected by a summation of the individual depths. Incremental increases in laser power produce ...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:8 Iss:1 (Laser polarimeters: Overview of recent developments, design and applications)


    Authors:
    Vi´ctor Fajer Avila
    Center for the Development of Scientific Equipment and Instruments, Ministry of Science Techonology and Environment, Havana, Cuba


    Research carried out in Cuba has led to the design and construction of automatic polarimeters that use the He&hyphen;Ne laser as a luminous source and work on a magnetooptic principle of measurement. Physical and chemical investigations including the use of the He&hyphen;Ne laser as a light source are discussed. The principle of measurement for the design and construction of polarimeters, resulting in three different types of these instruments, is described. Finally, applications for magnetooptic polarimetry are described,...

    $25.00

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