• JLA Vol:8 Iss:3 (Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) laser scene and Laser Association (LAS) activities)

    Ivan B. Kovsh
    LAS Headquarters, Moscow, Rozhdestvenkastr, 27, 117485, Russia


  • JLA Vol:2 Iss:3 (Erbium:YAG (2.94 &mu;<em>m) Laser Effects on Dental Tissues</em>)

    James A. Hoke
    E. Jeff Burkes
    Edward D. Gomes
    Myron L. Wolbarsht

    Past trials with soft and calcified tissues have demonstrated that long pulse train (2.5 μs) Er:YAG (2.94 μm) laser may be used to ablate tooth structure of human teeth. Determination of physical and thermal damage to surrounding tissue during removal of enamel and dentin is a primary objective of this study. Extracted human teeth with thermal probes imbedded in the pulp chambers were submitted to cavity preparation using an Erbium YAG laser with water mist. Wavelength selection as well as use of a water mist during the procedure resulted in efficient tissue...


  • JLA Vol:17 Iss:2 (Modeling of laser deposition and repair process)

    Lijun Han
    Kaushik M. Phatak
    F. W. Liou
    Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Missouri-Rolla, Rolla, Missouri 65409-1350

    Laser aided deposition is a material additive based manufacturing process via metallurgically bonding the deposited material to the substrate. Due to its capability to bond various materials together, it becomes an attractive technology for part repair in small scale. However, the details of the process remain an active area for research because of the complicated interactions involved. In this study, a mathematical model was established to investigate thermal and mass transportation phenomena, which incl...


  • JLA Vol:21 Iss:4 (How the laser started)

    Charles Townes
    Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720


  • JLA Vol:1 Iss:3 (Laser Welding of Plastics in Low and High Gravity Environments)

    R. E. Mueller
    W. W. Duley
    CRESS and Laser Processing Laboratory, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M3J 1P3

    S. MacLean
    M. Garneau
    B. Tryggvason
    Canadian Astronaut Office, National Research Council, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1A 0R6

    W. F. J. Evans
    Atmospheric Environment Service, 4905 Dufferin Street, Downsview, Ontario M3H 5T4

    Initial results of a series of laser processing experiments performed under the micro&hyphen;gravity conditions supplied by NASA's KC&hyphen;135 aircraft are presented. Weld morphologies of polypropylene and polyethylene were obtained under both hyper&hyphen; and hy...


  • JLA Vol:24 Iss:4 (Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structures)

    J. Bonse
    J. Kru¨ger
    S. Ho¨hm
    A. Rosenfeld

    The formation of laser-induced periodic surface structures (LIPSS) in different materials (metals, semiconductors, and dielectrics) upon irradiation with linearly polarized fs-laser pulses (τ ∼ 30–150 fs, λ ∼ 800 nm) in air environment is studied experimentally and theoretically. In metals, predominantly low-spatial-frequency-LIPSS with periods close to the laser wavelength λ are observed perpendicular to the polarization. Under specific irradiation conditions, high-spatial-frequency-LIPSS with sub-100-nm spatial periods (∼λ/10) can be gene...


  • JLA Vol:19 Iss:3 (Single-Pass and Multi-Pass Laser Cutting of Si&ndash;SiC: Assessment of the Cut Quality and Microstructure in the Heat Affected Zone)

    F. Quintero
    J. Pou
    F. Lusquin˜os
    A. Riveiro
    M. Pe´rez-Amor
    Departamento Fi´sica Aplicada, E.T.S. Ingenieros Industriales, University de Vigo, 36310 Vigo, Spain

    A. J. S. Fernandes
    Department of Physics, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal

    Experimental investigations on the laser cutting of thick silicon infiltrated silicon carbide (Si–SiC) elements are presented. Si–SiC is a fully dense ceramic composite with high hardness and chemical and thermal stability, which makes it a valuable material in severe conditions. However, machining is still a challenging task. A...


  • JLA Vol:7 Iss:1 (Development of laser finishing for non&hyphen;circular profiles)

    Ko&hyphen;Wang Liu
    Paul S. Sheng
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720&hyphen;1740, U.S.A.

    A laser&hyphen;based technique for finishing of non&hyphen;circular cylindrical parts is presented. In this process, the frequency characteristics of a desired non&hyphen;circular shape is extracted from a CAD through a Fast Fourier Transform algorithm and implemented through a CO2 laser machining system. A galvanometer&hyphen;based scanner is used in the process to achieve programmable beam trajectories and high&hyphen;speed finishing. An error estimation scheme can be developed to determine the final dimensional erro...


  • JLA Vol:18 Iss:1 (Three-dimensional analytical model on laser-powder interaction during laser cladding)

    Yan-Lu Huang
    Jian Liu
    Nai-Heng Ma
    Jian-Guo Li
    School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China 200030

    To compute the attenuation of laser power by powder stream and the temperature distribution of the powder particles arriving at different sites on the surface of the workpiece, a three-dimensional analytical model was presented based on Lambert-Beer theorem, Mie’s theory, and heat equilibrium principle. The obtained results revealed that for a given stream spread and speed of powder particles, the laser intensity distribution of laser spot and the temperature distribution of the powder part...


  • JLA Vol:24 Iss:5 (The numerical analysis and measurements of temperature profile in fat tissue during neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet laser irradiation for laser-assisted lipolysis)

    Jong-In Youn
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, College of Medical Science, Catholic University of Daegu, Hayangeup, Gyongsansi, Gyongbuk 712-702, South Korea

    The purpose of the study is to investigate the temperature profile of fat tissue during neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet laser irradiation (1064, 1320, and 1444 nm wavelengths) for laser-assisted lipolysis. The numerical analysis was performed to assess the wavelength dependence of the temperature distribution in fat tissue. For the internal temperature profile measurements, a cannula was placed in the middle of fat tissue for laser irradiation, and two hypodermic thermocouple needles were placed at 2 and 5 mm...



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