• JLA Vol:25 Iss:5 (Numerical and experimental study of the effect of groove on plasma plume during high power laser welding)


    Authors:
    Cai Yan
    Xie Wen-Jing
    Wu Yue
    Sun Da-Wei
    Wu Yixiong
    Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Dongchuan Road 800, Shanghai 200240, China and Shanghai Key Laboratory of Materials Laser Processing and Modification, Shanghai 200240, China


    The influence of groove on the static feature and dynamic behavior of plasma plume during high power CO2 laser welding process was studied using a hydrodynamic three-dimensional model and corresponding experiments. The temperature, composition, and velocity of plasma plume along the incident path of laser beam were computed. The static morphology of plasma plume was analyzed through both models ...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:14 Iss:4 (Determining source size from diode laser systems)


    Authors:
    Wesley J. Marshall
    U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland 21010-5403


    Although hazard classification is performed at predefined distances, the maximum permissible exposure (MPE) for extended-source diode lasers decreases as the distance from the laser increases. The MPE depends on the apparent angular subtense of the source, which is simply the magnified image of the emitting diode. Small diameter beams require special consideration.

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:18 Iss:4 (Cutaneous sensation threshold for 3.8 μm radiation from a short duration pulsed laser on the calves of human subjects: A pilot study)


    Authors:
    Thomas E. Johnson
    Michael J. Roy
    Department of Environmental and Radiological Health Sciences, Colorado State University, 1618 Campus Delivery, Fort Collins, Colorado 80528 and Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, 4301 Jones Bridge Road, Bethesda, Maryland 20814


    The objective of this study was to determine the threshold for sensing a 3.8 μm laser on the skin. The identification of the skin sensation threshold for invisible lasers is useful in providing scientific guidance to the safety community regarding accidental skin exposures. Knowledge of the level of sensation of lasers might be used to s...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:23 Iss:4 (Investigation of the effect of irradiance and pulse duration in industrial percussion laser-drilling of Waspaloy)


    Authors:
    Robin Bright
    Harris L. Marcus
    Institute of Materials Science and the Department of Chemical, Materials, and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269-3136


    As the use of pulsed lasers in the manufacture of cooling holes in high-temperature gas-turbine engine components continues to increase, understanding the material behavior during laser-material interaction and the subsequent effects on hole quality becomes critical. In this study, atomic emission spectroscopy is used to monitor the optical characteristics of ejected material during percussion laser-drilling of Waspaloy over irradiance and pulse duration values in the ranges...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:6 Iss:2 (National Science Foundation undergraduate faculty enhancement workshop on advanced laboratory experiments using lasers)


    Authors:
    James E. Parks
    Charles S. Feigerle
    Robert Deserio
    Joseph Wiest



    A National Science Foundation undergraduate faculty enhancement workshop on advanced laboratory experiments using lasers was developed at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, with the authors as the instructors. The workshop emphasized the development and implementation of laser‐based experiments primarily suitable for advanced undergraduate physics and chemistry laboratories. Participants gained practical, hands‐on experience in approximately 16 unique laser‐based experiments in atomic and molecular physics, physical chemistry, and biophysics. The wo...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:1 Iss:3 (Laser Welding of Plastics in Low and High Gravity Environments)


    Authors:
    R. E. Mueller
    W. W. Duley
    CRESS and Laser Processing Laboratory, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M3J 1P3

    S. MacLean
    M. Garneau
    B. Tryggvason
    Canadian Astronaut Office, National Research Council, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1A 0R6

    W. F. J. Evans
    Atmospheric Environment Service, 4905 Dufferin Street, Downsview, Ontario M3H 5T4


    Initial results of a series of laser processing experiments performed under the micro‐gravity conditions supplied by NASA's KC‐135 aircraft are presented. Weld morphologies of polypropylene and polyethylene were obtained under both hyper‐ and hy...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:8 Iss:2 (Laser materials processing at Sandia National Laboratories)


    Authors:
    James L. Jellison
    Michael J. Cieslak
    Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM 87185, U.S.A.


    This paper describes the laser materials processing capabilities at Sandia National Laboratories. Some of the advances in the understanding of various aspects of laser materials processing which have been made by the laser materials processing team at Sandia are discussed.

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:3 Iss:1 (Nursing Perspective: Clinical Laser Safety Issues Survey)


    Authors:
    Penny J. Smalley
    Laser Resources & Consulting Services, Chicago, Illinois


    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:15 Iss:3 (Steady-state laser cutting modeling)


    Authors:
    Ce´dric Mas
    Re´my Fabbro
    CLFA, 16 bis Avenue Prieur de la Côte d’Or, 94114 Arcueil Cedex, France

    Yannick Goue´dard
    OPTIS, ZE la Farlède, BP 275, 83078 Toulon Cedex 9, France


    We present a global self-consistent model of the laser cutting process where we have taken into account the main parameters of the process that are the laser beam intensity distribution, the thermal phenomena controlling the melt parameters, the fluid, both cutting gas and melt hydrodynamics, and the local equilibrium of the geometry of the cutting front. This steady state approach provides us with different fluid velocities, surface ...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:19 Iss:3 (Single-Pass and Multi-Pass Laser Cutting of Si–SiC: Assessment of the Cut Quality and Microstructure in the Heat Affected Zone)


    Authors:
    F. Quintero
    J. Pou
    F. Lusquin˜os
    A. Riveiro
    M. Pe´rez-Amor
    Departamento Fi´sica Aplicada, E.T.S. Ingenieros Industriales, University de Vigo, 36310 Vigo, Spain

    A. J. S. Fernandes
    Department of Physics, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal


    Experimental investigations on the laser cutting of thick silicon infiltrated silicon carbide (Si–SiC) elements are presented. Si–SiC is a fully dense ceramic composite with high hardness and chemical and thermal stability, which makes it a valuable material in severe conditions. However, machining is still a challenging task. A...

    $25.00

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