• JLA Vol:4 Iss:1 (Laser Triangulation Range Sensors: A Study of Performance Limitations)


    Authors:
    Michael Buzinski
    Alan Levine
    Warren H. Stevenson
    Applied Optics Laboratory, School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907


    Optical triangulation is a very old method of determining absolute distance to an object. In recent years laser range sensors utilizing this principle have seen growing use, particularly in the auto industry. More accurate versions are being employed for dimensional inspection operations where the sensor is often mounted on a coordinate measuring machine. Such a system offers the potential for rapid non‐contact dimensional metrology. However, there are several factors which must be taken int...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:25 Iss:5 (Investigation into the effects of process parameters on bending angle in the laser bending of tailor machined blanks based on a statistical analysis)


    Authors:
    Mehdi Safari
    Mahmoud Farzin
    Abbas Ghaei
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan 84156-83111, Iran


    In this paper, the effects of process parameters on bending angle in laser bending of tailor machined blanks are investigated experimentally. The Taguchi experimental design method is employed to study various parameters, which significantly affect the bending angle in the laser bending of tailor machined blanks. The start point of scan path, irradiating method, laser output power, beam diameter, and number of radiation passes are considered in the evaluations. A L18(21×34) Ta...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:17 Iss:2 (Feedback control effects on dimensions and defects of H13 tool steel by direct metal deposition process)


    Authors:
    Y. Hua
    J. Choi
    Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering and Engineering Mechanics, University of Missouri, Rolla, Missouri 65409-1060


    As a promising and novel manufacturing technology, laser aided direct metal deposition (DMD) process produces near-net-shape functional metal parts directly from the computer aided design (CAD) model. In-process feedback control has been recognized as a critical element to ensure the dimensional accuracy as well as near-net-shape production. Furthermore, process parameters should be delicately controlled to produce defect-free parts with superior mechanical properties. A closed loop real-time optical height control system...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:21 Iss:4 (Numerical model of a laser-sustained argon plasma)


    Authors:
    R. Akarapu
    A. R. Nassar
    Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics, Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802-6812

    S. M. Copley
    Applied Research Laboratory and Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802-6812

    J. A. Todd
    Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics, Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802-6812


    A steady state axi-symmetric model was developed to predict the size, shape and temperature of a laser-sustained plasma in flowing argon. The power of the carbon dioxide (CO2) laser and the free s...

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  • JLA Vol:23 Iss:4 (Thermal diffusivity measurement of silver nanofluid by thermal lens technique)


    Authors:
    Reza Zamiri
    Department of Physics, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

    B. Z. Azmi
    Department of Physics,Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia and Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology Laboratory, Institute of Advanced Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

    E. Shahriari
    Kazim Naghavi
    E. Saion
    Zahid Rizwan
    M. S. Husin
    Department of Physics, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia


    The thermal lens technique was utilized in silver nanofluid containing silver nanopartic...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:6 Iss:1 (Amending the CDRH performance standard for laser products)


    Authors:
    Jerome E. Dennis
    Office of Compliance and Surveillance Center for Devices and Radiological Heath, US Food and Drug Administration, Silver Springs, MD, U.S.A.


    The most recent amendments to the Federal performance standard for laser products became effective in 1985 and 1986. At this time, the Center for Devices and Radiological Health (CDRH) is making public its intention to amend the standard again and is inviting suggestions and comments. The amendments that are now under consideration are based upon advances in the sciences of photobiology and hazard evaluation. They are also intended to harmonize with developments in international standards for similar products, and to cla...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:1 Iss:4 (Laser Accidents: Are They All Reported and What Can Be Learned from Them?)


    Authors:
    R. James Rockwell
    Rockwell Laser Industries, Cincinnati, Ohio


    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:8 Iss:1 (Laser polarimeters: Overview of recent developments, design and applications)


    Authors:
    Vi´ctor Fajer Avila
    Center for the Development of Scientific Equipment and Instruments, Ministry of Science Techonology and Environment, Havana, Cuba


    Research carried out in Cuba has led to the design and construction of automatic polarimeters that use the He‐Ne laser as a luminous source and work on a magnetooptic principle of measurement. Physical and chemical investigations including the use of the He‐Ne laser as a light source are discussed. The principle of measurement for the design and construction of polarimeters, resulting in three different types of these instruments, is described. Finally, applications for magnetooptic polarimetry are described,...

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  • JLA Vol:3 Iss:1 (Laser Welding Copper and Copper Alloys)


    Authors:
    Kaoru Hashimoto
    Takehiko Sato
    Koichi Niwa
    Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd., 10‐1, Morinosato‐Wakamiya, Atsugi 243‐01, Japan


    We have developed a laser hermetic sealing technique that combines nickel plating with laser welding for copper and copper alloy bellows for general purpose large‐scale computers. Laser welding of copper has been difficult because of copper's high thermal conductivity and reflectivity. However, laser welding nickel‐plated copper results in deep penetration. To avoid corrosion induced at the dissimilar metal contact between nickel and copper, the nickel‐plated copper was heat‐treated bef...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:18 Iss:1 (Effect of oxygen in ambient atmosphere on penetration characteristics in single yttrium–aluminum–garnet laser and hybrid welding)


    Authors:
    Yasuaki Naito
    Masami Mizutani
    Seiji Katayama
    Joining and Welding Research Institute (JWRI), Osaka University, 11-1 Mihogaoka, Ibaraki, Osaka 567-0047, Japan


    Welding with a yttrium–aluminum–garnet (YAG) laser only or with hybrid source combined with a YAG laser and a TIG arc was carried out on Type 304 stainless steel plate with low S content in the air or in the chamber with Ar gas including 0%–15% oxygen gas. It was confirmed in both laser and hybrid welding that the penetration and geometry of welds depended upon the volume of the oxygen in the ambient atmosphere, and that a pronounced “nail head” disappeared in a weld...

    $25.00

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