• JLA Vol:5 Iss:2 (Experimental Method for Determining the Coherence Length of CW Lasers Using a Michelson Interferometer)


    Authors:
    Sami Alaruri
    Allison Gas Turbine Division, General Motors Corporation, Sensor Development Group


    Theoretical analysis of the relationship between coherence length and the resonant‐longitudinal modes in an optical cavity is given. A Michelson interferometer is used to measure the coherence lengths of two CW He‐Ne laser cavities. Analysis of the experimental measurements shows good agreement with the theoretically predicted values.

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:16 Iss:2 (Investigation of weld cracking in Nd:yttrium–aluminum–garnet keyhole spot welding of materials used in optoelectronic packaging)


    Authors:
    Geoff J. Shannon
    Unitek Miyachi Corporation, 1820 S. Myrtle Avenue, Monrovia, California 91017

    Bernard Q. Li
    Honeywell VCSEL Optical Division, Minnesota


    The welding of a problematic optical device weld joint between dissimilar materials is investigated in depth. The original material combination of cold rolled steel 1010 with 6 μm of gold coating and 304 L produced consistent weld cracking. The CRS1010 material was fixed, however the other component was open to material selection. The materials tested were 304 L stainless steel, kovar, invar, and Carpenter high permeability 49 alloy. The effect of these different materials, laser pulse parameters, lev...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:20 Iss:4 (Thermal stress analysis on laser scribing of glass)


    Authors:
    Koji Yamamoto
    Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka, Japan

    Noboru Hasaka
    Hideki Morita
    Mitsuboshi Diamond Industrial Co., Ltd., 2-12-12 Minami-Kaneden, Suita, Osaka, Japan

    Etsuji Ohmura
    Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka, Japan


    In the laser scribing of glass a thermal stress is introduced into a glass substrate by means of a CO2 laser irradiation. The glass substrate is then rapidly cooled down by water jet immediately after the irradiation. For the purpose of theoretical clarification of the factors ruling the scribable condit...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:25 Iss:5 (Investigation into the effects of process parameters on bending angle in the laser bending of tailor machined blanks based on a statistical analysis)


    Authors:
    Mehdi Safari
    Mahmoud Farzin
    Abbas Ghaei
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan 84156-83111, Iran


    In this paper, the effects of process parameters on bending angle in laser bending of tailor machined blanks are investigated experimentally. The Taguchi experimental design method is employed to study various parameters, which significantly affect the bending angle in the laser bending of tailor machined blanks. The start point of scan path, irradiating method, laser output power, beam diameter, and number of radiation passes are considered in the evaluations. A L18(21×34) Ta...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:22 Iss:4 (A fast method for morphological analysis of laser drilling holes)


    Authors:
    M. Schneider
    L. Berthe
    M. Muller
    R. Fabbro
    Laboratoire PIMM (CNRS) ARTS et METIERS ParisTech, 151 Boulevard de l’Hopital, 75013 Paris, France


    This paper presents an original method for analyzing laser drilled holes. The so-called Direct Observation of Drilled hOle (DODO) method is introduced and its applications. The hole characterization that’s been made is compared with x-ray radiography and cross-section analysis. Direct Observation of Drilled hole provides instantaneously surface state, geometric shape, as well as recast layer structure, without additional operation. Since no mounting resin is used to embed the sample, th...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:7 Iss:1 (Taking advantage of laser properties to enhance demonstrations and student laboratories)


    Authors:
    Michele L. Brill
    Camden County College—Physics/Lasers, Box 200, Blackwood, NJ 08012, U.S.A.


    This paper reflects the proceedings of a workshop for local educators provided by Camden County College Laser Curriculum faculty which addressed the question: ‘How can the teacher take advantage of laser properties to improve or enhance demonstrations and student labs?’ Explored here are illustrative ways in which to utilize, for educational purposes, the three well‐known characteristics of lasers: monochromaticity, directionality, and coherence. There is a faculty overlap between the Physics Department and the Laser Curriculum faculty at the college. The use o...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:14 Iss:4 (High-energy femtosecond pulsed laser micromachining of thin film deposited silicon in self-focused air medium)


    Authors:
    Yuanyuan Dong
    Pal Molian
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011

    Christian Zorman
    Mehran Mehregany
    Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106


    The ultrashort pulsed laser ablation of silicon wafers deposited with 1 μm thin film of SiC was performed in air medium using a 1 mJ, 120 fs, 800 nm Ti:sapphire laser, the objective being to determine the self-focusing capability of air to produce nanostructures. The effects of pulse energy, the number of pulses, pulse repetition rate and x–y translation speed on t...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:18 Iss:4 (Threshold powers and delays for igniting propane and butane-air mixtures by cw laser-heated small particles)


    Authors:
    Thomas H. Dubaniewicz
    National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Pittsburgh Research Laboratory, 626 Cochrans Mill Road, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15236


    The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Pittsburgh Research Laboratory conducted a study of laser safety in potentially flammable environments. Researchers measured threshold igniting powers as a function of beam diameter for butane and propane-air mixtures by laser-heating targets placed on optical fiber tips using a 1064 nm laser. The minimum igniting powers for propane-air and butane-air were about 250 and 300 mW, respectively. Threshold igniting powers for propane-air were approxima...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:1 Iss:4 (Laser Accidents: Are They All Reported and What Can Be Learned from Them?)


    Authors:
    R. James Rockwell
    Rockwell Laser Industries, Cincinnati, Ohio


    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:9 Iss:3 (A power distribution model of industrial CO<sub>2</sub> lasers for system diagnosis)


    Authors:
    James G. Katter
    Jay F. Tu
    Mark Gartner



    Industrial lasers are high power pieces of equipment that occasionally function under undesirable operating conditions. For example, the performance of a transverse&hyphen;flow d.c.&hyphen;excited gas laser can be adversely affected by many factors such as electrode arcing, poor lens and mirror cleanliness, focusing problems, improper gas mixture composition, poor gas quality, poor beam stability, poor beam path cleanliness, operator error, poor maintenance, poor chiller water temperature and flow rate stability, and improper laser beam ramp&hyphen;in/ramp&hyphen;out rates. Many of these factors which occur in ...

    $25.00

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