• JLA Vol:4 Iss:1 (Laser Triangulation Range Sensors: A Study of Performance Limitations)


    Authors:
    Michael Buzinski
    Alan Levine
    Warren H. Stevenson
    Applied Optics Laboratory, School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907


    Optical triangulation is a very old method of determining absolute distance to an object. In recent years laser range sensors utilizing this principle have seen growing use, particularly in the auto industry. More accurate versions are being employed for dimensional inspection operations where the sensor is often mounted on a coordinate measuring machine. Such a system offers the potential for rapid non‐contact dimensional metrology. However, there are several factors which must be taken int...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:17 Iss:2 (Feedback control effects on dimensions and defects of H13 tool steel by direct metal deposition process)


    Authors:
    Y. Hua
    J. Choi
    Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering and Engineering Mechanics, University of Missouri, Rolla, Missouri 65409-1060


    As a promising and novel manufacturing technology, laser aided direct metal deposition (DMD) process produces near-net-shape functional metal parts directly from the computer aided design (CAD) model. In-process feedback control has been recognized as a critical element to ensure the dimensional accuracy as well as near-net-shape production. Furthermore, process parameters should be delicately controlled to produce defect-free parts with superior mechanical properties. A closed loop real-time optical height control system...

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  • JLA Vol:21 Iss:4 (Numerical model of a laser-sustained argon plasma)


    Authors:
    R. Akarapu
    A. R. Nassar
    Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics, Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802-6812

    S. M. Copley
    Applied Research Laboratory and Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802-6812

    J. A. Todd
    Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics, Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802-6812


    A steady state axi-symmetric model was developed to predict the size, shape and temperature of a laser-sustained plasma in flowing argon. The power of the carbon dioxide (CO2) laser and the free s...

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  • JLA Vol:23 Iss:4 (Thermal diffusivity measurement of silver nanofluid by thermal lens technique)


    Authors:
    Reza Zamiri
    Department of Physics, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

    B. Z. Azmi
    Department of Physics,Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia and Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology Laboratory, Institute of Advanced Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

    E. Shahriari
    Kazim Naghavi
    E. Saion
    Zahid Rizwan
    M. S. Husin
    Department of Physics, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia


    The thermal lens technique was utilized in silver nanofluid containing silver nanopartic...

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  • JLA Vol:6 Iss:1 (Amending the CDRH performance standard for laser products)


    Authors:
    Jerome E. Dennis
    Office of Compliance and Surveillance Center for Devices and Radiological Heath, US Food and Drug Administration, Silver Springs, MD, U.S.A.


    The most recent amendments to the Federal performance standard for laser products became effective in 1985 and 1986. At this time, the Center for Devices and Radiological Health (CDRH) is making public its intention to amend the standard again and is inviting suggestions and comments. The amendments that are now under consideration are based upon advances in the sciences of photobiology and hazard evaluation. They are also intended to harmonize with developments in international standards for similar products, and to cla...

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  • JLA Vol:15 Iss:3 (Preparation of polyperinaphthalenic organic semiconductive nanoparticles by excimer laser ablation and their application to optic and electronic devices)


    Authors:
    Satoru Nishio
    Hiroshi Fukumura
    Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, Aramaki, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8578, Japan

    Kazuyuki Tamura
    Jun Murata
    Junko Kitahara
    Teruhiko Kan
    Akiyoshi Matsuzaki
    Department of Chemistry for Materials, Faculty of Engineering, Mi’e University, 1515 Kamihama-cho, Tsu, Mi’e 514-8507, Japan

    Nobuo Ando
    Yukinori Hato
    Kanebo LTD., 3-1, Kanebo-cho, Hofu, Yamaguchi 747-0823, Japan


    Polyperinaphthalene (PPN) nanoparticles are prepared by excimer laser ablation (ELA) of a 3, 4, 9, 10-perylenetetracarbox...

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  • JLA Vol:19 Iss:4 (Bench-top antigen detection technique that utilizes nanofiltration and fluorescent dyes which emit and absorb light in the near infrared)


    Authors:
    Vanessa A. Varaljay-Spence
    Department of Biological, Geological and Environmental Sciences, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, Ohio 44115, NASA Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field, Brook Park, Ohio 44135, and Department of Microbiology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602

    Maximilian C. Scardelletti
    NASA Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field, Brook Park, Ohio 44135


    This article discusses the development of a bench-top technique to detect antigens in fluids. The technique involves the use of near infrared (NIR) fluorescent dyes conjugated to antibodies, centrifugation, nanofilters, and spectrometry. The system used to detect the antigens utili...

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  • JLA Vol:25 Iss:5 (Investigation into the effects of process parameters on bending angle in the laser bending of tailor machined blanks based on a statistical analysis)


    Authors:
    Mehdi Safari
    Mahmoud Farzin
    Abbas Ghaei
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan 84156-83111, Iran


    In this paper, the effects of process parameters on bending angle in laser bending of tailor machined blanks are investigated experimentally. The Taguchi experimental design method is employed to study various parameters, which significantly affect the bending angle in the laser bending of tailor machined blanks. The start point of scan path, irradiating method, laser output power, beam diameter, and number of radiation passes are considered in the evaluations. A L18(21×34) Ta...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:8 Iss:3 (Theoretical and experimental studies of thick‐section cutting with a chemical oxygen–iodine laser (COIL))


    Authors:
    A. Kar
    J. E. Scott
    W. P. Latham



    A simple mathematical model of thick‐section stainless steel cutting with a high power chemical oxygen–iodine laser (COIL) is presented and compared with experimental results obtained with a 10‐kilowatt COIL at the U.S. Air Force's Phillips Laboratory. This model uses a lumped‐parameter technique to relate the cutting kerf depth with various process parameters and can be used to predict scaled laser materials processing performance to very thick sections. The model is similar to an empirical model developed by researchers in Japan, but includes predictive capabilities for thick metal cutting...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:14 Iss:1 (Experimental study on surface decontamination by laser ablation)


    Authors:
    X. Zhou
    K. Imasaki
    H. Furukawa
    C. Yamanaka
    Institute for Laser Technology, 2-6 Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan

    S. Nakai
    Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University, 2-6 Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan


    A high-power pulsed Nd:YAG laser was employed to irradiate a 20-μm-thick Zn coating on a carbon steel surface. The ablation rate was defined as ablated volume divided by consumed laser energy, and was used to assess ablation cleaning ability. The relationships of ablation rate to laser pulse width and ablation rate to laser fluence were investigated, and optimal processing conditions were dete...

    $25.00

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