• JLA Vol:19 Iss:4 (Bench-top antigen detection technique that utilizes nanofiltration and fluorescent dyes which emit and absorb light in the near infrared)


    Authors:
    Vanessa A. Varaljay-Spence
    Department of Biological, Geological and Environmental Sciences, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, Ohio 44115, NASA Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field, Brook Park, Ohio 44135, and Department of Microbiology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602

    Maximilian C. Scardelletti
    NASA Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field, Brook Park, Ohio 44135


    This article discusses the development of a bench-top technique to detect antigens in fluids. The technique involves the use of near infrared (NIR) fluorescent dyes conjugated to antibodies, centrifugation, nanofilters, and spectrometry. The system used to detect the antigens utili...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:24 Iss:4 (Morphology of nanoscale structures on fused silica surfaces from interaction with temporally tailored femtosecond pulses)


    Authors:
    Lars Englert
    Matthias Wollenhaupt
    Cristian Sarpe
    Dirk Otto
    Thomas Baumert
    Institut fuer Physik and CINSaT, Universitaet Kassel, Heinrich-Plett-Str. 40, D-34132 Kassel, Germany


    Laser control of two basic ionization processes on fused silica, i.e., multiphoton ionization and avalanche ionization, with temporally asymmetric pulse envelopes is investigated. Control leads to different final electron densities/energies as the direct temporal intensity profile and the time inverted intensity profile address the two ionization processes in a different fashion. This results in observed different thresholds for material modification o...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:5 Iss:2 (Experimental Method for Determining the Coherence Length of CW Lasers Using a Michelson Interferometer)


    Authors:
    Sami Alaruri
    Allison Gas Turbine Division, General Motors Corporation, Sensor Development Group


    Theoretical analysis of the relationship between coherence length and the resonant‐longitudinal modes in an optical cavity is given. A Michelson interferometer is used to measure the coherence lengths of two CW He‐Ne laser cavities. Analysis of the experimental measurements shows good agreement with the theoretically predicted values.

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:1 Iss:4 (Laser Accidents: Are They All Reported and What Can Be Learned from Them?)


    Authors:
    R. James Rockwell
    Rockwell Laser Industries, Cincinnati, Ohio


    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:14 Iss:1 (Experimental study on surface decontamination by laser ablation)


    Authors:
    X. Zhou
    K. Imasaki
    H. Furukawa
    C. Yamanaka
    Institute for Laser Technology, 2-6 Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan

    S. Nakai
    Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University, 2-6 Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan


    A high-power pulsed Nd:YAG laser was employed to irradiate a 20-μm-thick Zn coating on a carbon steel surface. The ablation rate was defined as ablated volume divided by consumed laser energy, and was used to assess ablation cleaning ability. The relationships of ablation rate to laser pulse width and ablation rate to laser fluence were investigated, and optimal processing conditions were dete...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:18 Iss:1 (Optical viewport assembly for eye-safe monitoring of thin film deposition)


    Authors:
    Kevin Robbie
    Cristina Buzea
    Olivier Landry
    Cory Dean
    Department of Physics, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada


    This article discusses the design and application of a simple eye-safe monitoring assembly of thin film deposition and its advantages over the existent eye protection filters. This assembly prevents users from being exposed to the radiation field caused by lasers or incandescent objects during thin film deposition. Its design is simple, the device being reliable and easy to operate.

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:22 Iss:4 (A fast method for morphological analysis of laser drilling holes)


    Authors:
    M. Schneider
    L. Berthe
    M. Muller
    R. Fabbro
    Laboratoire PIMM (CNRS) ARTS et METIERS ParisTech, 151 Boulevard de l’Hopital, 75013 Paris, France


    This paper presents an original method for analyzing laser drilled holes. The so-called Direct Observation of Drilled hOle (DODO) method is introduced and its applications. The hole characterization that’s been made is compared with x-ray radiography and cross-section analysis. Direct Observation of Drilled hole provides instantaneously surface state, geometric shape, as well as recast layer structure, without additional operation. Since no mounting resin is used to embed the sample, th...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:7 Iss:1 (Taking advantage of laser properties to enhance demonstrations and student laboratories)


    Authors:
    Michele L. Brill
    Camden County College—Physics/Lasers, Box 200, Blackwood, NJ 08012, U.S.A.


    This paper reflects the proceedings of a workshop for local educators provided by Camden County College Laser Curriculum faculty which addressed the question: ‘How can the teacher take advantage of laser properties to improve or enhance demonstrations and student labs?’ Explored here are illustrative ways in which to utilize, for educational purposes, the three well‐known characteristics of lasers: monochromaticity, directionality, and coherence. There is a faculty overlap between the Physics Department and the Laser Curriculum faculty at the college. The use o...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:16 Iss:2 (Investigation of weld cracking in Nd:yttrium–aluminum–garnet keyhole spot welding of materials used in optoelectronic packaging)


    Authors:
    Geoff J. Shannon
    Unitek Miyachi Corporation, 1820 S. Myrtle Avenue, Monrovia, California 91017

    Bernard Q. Li
    Honeywell VCSEL Optical Division, Minnesota


    The welding of a problematic optical device weld joint between dissimilar materials is investigated in depth. The original material combination of cold rolled steel 1010 with 6 μm of gold coating and 304 L produced consistent weld cracking. The CRS1010 material was fixed, however the other component was open to material selection. The materials tested were 304 L stainless steel, kovar, invar, and Carpenter high permeability 49 alloy. The effect of these different materials, laser pulse parameters, lev...

    $25.00

  • JLA Vol:20 Iss:4 (Thermal stress analysis on laser scribing of glass)


    Authors:
    Koji Yamamoto
    Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka, Japan

    Noboru Hasaka
    Hideki Morita
    Mitsuboshi Diamond Industrial Co., Ltd., 2-12-12 Minami-Kaneden, Suita, Osaka, Japan

    Etsuji Ohmura
    Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka, Japan


    In the laser scribing of glass a thermal stress is introduced into a glass substrate by means of a CO2 laser irradiation. The glass substrate is then rapidly cooled down by water jet immediately after the irradiation. For the purpose of theoretical clarification of the factors ruling the scribable condit...

    $25.00

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