Wesley J. Marshall
U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland 21010-5403
Although hazard classification is performed at predefined distances, the maximum permissible exposure (MPE) for extended-source diode lasers decreases as the distance from the laser increases. The MPE depends on the apparent angular subtense of the source, which is simply the magnified image of the emitting diode. Small diameter beams require special consideration.
Fraunhofer‐Institut fu¨r Lasertechnik, Aachen, Germany
JLA Vol:18 Iss:4 (Cutaneous sensation threshold for 3.8 μm radiation from a short duration pulsed laser on the calves of human subjects: A pilot study)
Thomas E. Johnson
Michael J. Roy
Department of Environmental and Radiological Health Sciences, Colorado State University, 1618 Campus Delivery, Fort Collins, Colorado 80528 and Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, 4301 Jones Bridge Road, Bethesda, Maryland 20814
The objective of this study was to determine the threshold for sensing a 3.8 μm laser on the skin. The identification of the skin sensation threshold for invisible lasers is useful in providing scientific guidance to the safety community regarding accidental skin exposures. Knowledge of the level of sensation of lasers might be used to s...
JLA Vol:9 Iss:4 (Dual wavelength laser beam alloying of aluminum alloy for enhanced corrosion resistance)
K. G. Watkins
W. M. Steen
M. G. Ferreira
Aluminum alloys are known for their poor resistance to localized attack and, in particular, for pitting in chloride‐containing electrolytes. In this paper, improvement of the pitting corrosion resistance of 2014‐T6 aluminum alloy has been investigated by means of laser surface alloying of Cr into the substrate. Since aluminum is a highly reflective and thermally conductive material, it is often difficult to process with laser beams. Oxide films on the surface can prevent surface alloying as with the case of Cr alloying into aluminum by in‐situ...
Kaushik M. Phatak
F. W. Liou
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Missouri-Rolla, Rolla, Missouri 65409-1350
Laser aided deposition is a material additive based manufacturing process via metallurgically bonding the deposited material to the substrate. Due to its capability to bond various materials together, it becomes an attractive technology for part repair in small scale. However, the details of the process remain an active area for research because of the complicated interactions involved. In this study, a mathematical model was established to investigate thermal and mass transportation phenomena, which incl...
A. Roy Henderson
Bioptica, St. John's Innovation Park, Cambridge U.K.
Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720
Institute of Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, People's Republic of China and Key Laboratory for Advanced Manufacturing by Materials Processing Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, People's Republic of China
Key Laboratory for Advanced Manufacturing by Materials Processing Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, People's Republic of China
JLA Vol:23 Iss:4 (Investigation of the effect of irradiance and pulse duration in industrial percussion laser-drilling of Waspaloy)
Harris L. Marcus
Institute of Materials Science and the Department of Chemical, Materials, and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269-3136
As the use of pulsed lasers in the manufacture of cooling holes in high-temperature gas-turbine engine components continues to increase, understanding the material behavior during laser-material interaction and the subsequent effects on hole quality becomes critical. In this study, atomic emission spectroscopy is used to monitor the optical characteristics of ejected material during percussion laser-drilling of Waspaloy over irradiance and pulse duration values in the ranges...
Joakim Ilsing Sørensen
Flemming O. Olsen
Manufacturing Engineering and Management, Materials and Process Technology, Technical University of Denmark, Building 425, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark
In this article, a new approach based on induction heat treatment of flat laser welded sheets is presented. With this new concept, the ductility of high strength steels GA260 with a thickness of 1.8 mm and CMn with a thickness of 2.13 mm is believed to be improved by prolonging the cooling time from 750 to 450 °C. Initially, a simple analytical model was used to calculate the ideal energy contributions from a CO2 high power laser s...
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