• ILSC 2009 Paper #303 (Damage Thresholds for Irregularly Pulsed Exposure of the Retina)

    Damage Thresholds for Irregularly Pulsed Exposure of the Retina
    Authors:
    Karl Schulmeister, Austrian Research Centers GmbH; Seibersdorf Austria
    Johannes Husinsky, Austrian Research Centers Gesmbh; A-2444 Seibersdorf Austria
    Presented at ILSC 2009

    Expansion of previously submitted abstract

    $28.00

  • ILSC 2009 Paper #304 (Do We Over-state the Risk of Multiple Pulsed Exposures?)

    Do We Over-state the Risk of Multiple Pulsed Exposures?
    Authors:
    David Sliney, David H. Sliney, Ph.D., Consulting Medical Physicist; Fallston MD USA
    David Lund, US Army Medical Research Detachment; San Antonio TX USA
    Presented at ILSC 2009

    Laser safety standards committees have struggled for years to adequately formulate a sound method for treating repetitive-pulse laser exposures. Safety standards for lamps and LEDs have ignored this issue because averaged irradiance appeared to adequately treat the issue for large retinal image sizes and skin exposures. Several authors in recent meetings have questioned the current approach of three conditions as still not sufficient to treat ...

    $28.00

  • ILSC 2009 Paper #401 (The Aims and Value of Standards)

    The Aims and Value of Standards
    Authors:
    Michael Barrett, Pro Laser Consultants; Abingdon Great Britain
    Presented at ILSC 2009

    Many say that Standards are written by Experts for Experts, others that standards stifle creativity but the production and use of standards play a large and important role in our lives for a wide range of products and services. The major aims of all standards are to give an improvement in the quality of products and services, the quality of the environment and our own personal health and safety, the efficient use of resources and to remove trade barriers between countries. Often standards provide the detail to national legislation but as many are internationally re...

    $28.00

  • ILSC 2009 Paper #402 (Status Update for the IEC Series of Laser Safety Standards)

    Status Update for the IEC Series of Laser Safety Standards
    Authors:
    Robert Weiner, Weiner Associates; Manhattan Beach CA USA
    Presented at ILSC 2009

    The IEC TC-76 committee on laser safety has an ongoing program to update and revise the standards in IEC 60825 series to accommodate new information and to cover new devices and applications. This paper will briefly describe recent changes to those documents, as well as some revisions that are being considered for the future.
    Recent changes to be covered include: corrections to the general laser requirements (60825-1:2007); specification of measurement criteria for Hazard Levels for optical fiber systems (60825-2); a revised report on laser ligh...

    $28.00

  • ILSC 2009 Paper #403 (Progress Towards Safety Standards for Intense Light Sources used in Medical and Aesthetic Practice)

    Progress Towards Safety Standards for Intense Light Sources used in Medical and Aesthetic Practice
    Authors:
    John O'Hagan, Health Protection Agency; Didcot Great Britain
    Marina Khazova, Health Protection Agency; Didcot Great Britain
    Presented at ILSC 2009

    An international manufacturing standard and user guidance for medical lasers have been available for some years. Particularly in the aesthetic sector, intense light sources are being used in place of lasers. This is seen as an option with less regulation in some countries.

    Working Group 4 of the International Electrotechnical Commission Technical Committee 76 has drafted a manufacturing standard: IEC 60601-2-57: Medical electric...

    $28.00

  • ILSC 2009 Paper #404 (The Development of Association of Laser Users)

    The Development of Association of Laser Users
    Authors:
    Michael Barrett, Pro Laser Consultants; Abingdon Great Britain
    Presented at ILSC 2009

    The Association of Laser Users (AILU) is an independent not-for-profit organisation that was founded in November 1995 by a small group of committed enthusiasts and currently has several hundred corporate members. Although UK-based, the Association is international in outlook and this is reflected in the increasingly internet-based membership benefits. The membership divides almost equally between research organisations, manufacturers and suppliers of laser-related equipment and industrial users (including laser job shops). Its main strength lies in the dis...

    $28.00

  • ILSC 2009 Paper #405 (A Non-binding Guide to the Artificial Optical Radiation Directive)

    A Non-binding Guide to the Artificial Optical Radiation Directive
    Authors:
    John O'Hagan, Health Protection Agency; Didcot Great Britain
    Andy Pearson, Health Protection Agency; Didcot Great Britain
    Marina Khazova, Health Protection Agency; Didcot Great Britain
    Presented at ILSC 2009

    The European Parliament and the Council of the European Union published the Artificial Optical Radiation Directive in April 2006. Member States have until April 2010 to introduce national law implementing the Directive. This Directive is one of a series covering the safety of so-called physical agents: the others cover noise, vibration and electromagnetic fields.

    The Directive requires em...

    $28.00

  • ILSC 2009 Paper #501 (A Novel Hazard Analysis Technique for Transient Optical Radiation Emissions)

    A Novel Hazard Analysis Technique for Transient Optical Radiation Emissions
    Authors:
    Terry L. Lyon, Optical Radiation Consulting Physicist; Edgewood MD USA
    E. Christopher Brumage, U.S. Army CHPPM; Aberdeen Proving Ground MD USA
    Presented at ILSC 2009

    Careful measurements are required to assess the hazards from broadband optical radiation sources. These measurements can be difficult to perform accurately, even under ideal conditions; furthermore, the transient nature of the optical radiation emission from devices such as pyrotechnics, flash devices, and flares make traditional radiometric measurements even more complex. A technique has been devised that can be used to take reliabl...

    $28.00

  • ILSC 2009 Paper #503 (Influence of Magnifiers on Ocular Exposure Levels)

    Influence of Magnifiers on Ocular Exposure Levels
    Authors:
    Georg Vees, Austrian Research Centers Gmbh - Arc; Seibersdorf Austria
    Reinhard Gilber, Austrian Research Centers Gmbh - Arc; Seibersdorf Austria
    Karl Schulmeister, Austrian Research Centers GmbH; Seibersdorf Austria
    Presented at ILSC 2009

    In the international laser safety standard, IEC 60825-1 measurement criteria account for increased potential risk when exposure occurs with eye loupes (magnifiers) and with telescopes, respectively. An experimental analysis was performed with a number of eye loupes and telescopes for a range of sources in order to determine the impact of optical instruments on the accessible ...

    $28.00

  • ILSC 2009 Paper #505 (Development of Laser Maximum Permissible Exposure Limits)

    Development of Laser Maximum Permissible Exposure Limits
    Authors:
    Wesley Marshall, US Army CHPPM; Wilmington DE USA
    Presented at ILSC 2009

    Will not need Abstract, he submitted a manuscript

    $28.00

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